South Carolina fourth-grade language arts standards
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MCC Meaning, Context, and Craft
1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
1.1 Write opinion pieces that:
1.1.a introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose;
1.1.b use information from multiple print and multimedia sources;
1.1.c provide reasons supported by facts and details;
1.1.d use transitional words or phrases to connect opinions and reasons;
1.1.e develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing building on personal ideas and the ideas of others;
1.1.f use paraphrasing, quotations, and original language to avoid plagiarism; and
1.1.g provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
2.1 Write informative/explanatory texts that:
2.1.a introduce a topic clearly;
2.1.b use information from multiple print and multimedia sources;
2.1.c group related information in paragraphs and sections;
2.1.d include formatting, illustrations, and multimedia to aid comprehension;
2.1.e develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic;
2.1.f develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing building on personal ideas and the ideas of others;
2.1.g use paraphrasing, quotations, and original language to avoid plagiarism;
2.1.h link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases;
2.1.i use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform or explain the topic;
2.1.j develop a style and tone authentic to the purpose; and
2.1.k provide a concluding statement or section relate to the information or explanation presented.
3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
3.1 Gather ideas from texts, multimedia, and personal experience to write narratives that:
3.1.a develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences;
3.1.b orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters;
3.1.c organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally;
3.1.d use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations;
3.1.e develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing building on personal ideas and the ideas of others;
3.1.f use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events;
3.1.g use imagery, precise words, and sensory details to develop characters and convey experiences and events precisely; and
3.1.h provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.
4 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking.
4.1 When writing:
4.1.a use relative pronouns and relative adverbs;
4.1.b form and use the progressive verb tenses;
4.1.c use modal auxiliaries to convey various conditions;
4.1.d use modal auxiliaries and the progressive verb tenses, recognizing and correcting inappropriate shifts in verb tense;
4.1.e order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns;
4.1.f use relative pronouns and relative adverbs;
4.1.g explore using prepositional phrases in different positions within a sentence;
4.1.h use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions;
4.1.i use a variety of sentence types to produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and runons; and
4.1.j use frequently confused homonyms correctly.
5 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
5.1 Capitalize names of magazines, newspapers, works of art, musical compositions, organizations, and the first word in quotations.
5.2.a apostrophes to form possessives and contractions;
5.2.b quotation marks and commas to mark direct speech; and
5.2.c commas before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
5.4 Use spelling patterns and generalizations.
RC Range and Complexity
6 Write independently, legibly, and routinely for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences over short and extended time frames.
6.1 Write routinely and persevere in writing tasks:
6.1.a over short and extended time frames;
6.1.b for a range of domain-specific tasks;
6.1.c for a variety of purposes and audiences; and
6.1.d by adjusting the writing process for the task, increasing the length and complexity
6.4 Demonstrate effective keyboarding skills.
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