SA3 Students develop an understanding that culture, local knowledge, history, and interaction with the environment contribute to the development of scientific knowledge, and that local applications provide opportunity for understanding scientific concepts and global issues.
SA3.1 designing and conducting a simple investigation about the local environment.
B1 Concepts of Physical Science
SB Students develop an understanding of the concepts, models, theories, universal principles, and facts that explain the physical world.
SB1 Students develop an understanding of the characteristic properties of matter and the relationship of these properties to their structure and behavior.
SB1.1 using physical properties (i.e., density, boiling point, freezing point, conductivity) to differentiate among and/or separate materials (i.e., elements, compounds, and mixtures).
SB2 Students develop an understanding that energy appears in different forms, can be transformed from one form to another, can be transferred or moved from one place or system to another, may be unavailable for use, and is ultimately conserved.
SB2.1 explaining that energy (i.e., heat, light, chemical, electrical, mechanical) can change form.
SC3 Students develop an understanding that all organisms are linked to each other and their physical environments through the transfer and transformation of matter and energy.
SC3.1 recognizing and explaining that organisms can cause physical and chemical changes (e.g., digestion, growth, respiration, photosynthesis) to matter and recognizing and explaining the importance of energy transfer in these changes.
SD2 Students develop an understanding of the origins, ongoing processes, and forces that shape the structure, composition, and physical history of the Earth.
SD2.1 identifying strategies (e.g., reforestation, dikes, wind breaks, off road activity guidelines) for minimizing erosion.
SD2.2 describing how the movement of the tectonic plates results in both slow changes (e.g., formation of mountains, ocean floors, and basins) and short –term events (e.g., volcanic eruptions, seismic waves, and earthquakes) on the surface.
SD4.2 using light-years to describe distances between objects in the universe.
E1 Science and Technology
SE Students develop an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society.
SE1 Students develop an understanding of how scientific knowledge and technology are used in making decisions about issues, innovations, and responses to problems and everyday events.
SE1.1 describing how public policy affects the student's life. (e.g., public waste disposal).
SE2 Students develop an understanding that solving problems involves different ways of thinking, perspectives, and curiosity that lead to the exploration of multiple paths that are analyzed using scientific, technological, and social merits.
SE2.1 identifying, designing, testing, and revising solutions to a local problem.
F1-F3 Cultural, Social, Personal Perspectives, and Science
SF Students develop an understanding of the dynamic relationships among scientific, cultural, social, and personal perspectives.
SF1 Students develop an understanding of the interrelationships among individuals, cultures, societies, science, and technology.
SF1.1 investigating the basis of local knowledge (e.g., describing and predicting weather) and sharing that information.
SF2 Students develop an understanding that some individuals, cultures, and societies use other beliefs and methods in addition to scientific methods to describe and understand the world.
SF2.1 investigating the basis of local knowledge (e.g., describing and predicting weather) and sharing that information.
SF3 Students develop an understanding of the importance of recording and validating cultural knowledge.
SF3.1 investigating the basis of local knowledge (e.g., describing and predicting weather) and sharing that information.
G1 History and Nature of Science
SG Students develop an understanding of the history and nature of science.
SG1 Students develop an understanding that historical perspectives of scientific explanations demonstrate that scientific knowledge changes over time, building on prior knowledge.
SG2 Students develop an understanding that the advancement of scientific knowledge embraces innovation and requires empirical evidence, repeatable investigations, logical arguments, and critical review in striving for the best possible explanations of the natural world.
SG2.1 explaining differences in results of repeated experiments.
SG3 Students develop an understanding that scientific knowledge is ongoing and subject to change as new evidence becomes available through experimental and/or observational confirmation(s).
SG3.1 revising a personal idea when presented with experimental/observational data inconsistent with that personal idea (e.g., the rates of falling bodies of different masses).
SG4 Students develop an understanding that advancements in science depend on curiosity, creativity, imagination, and a broad knowledge base.