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Skills available for Arizona second-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1 American History

  • 1 Research Skills for History

  • 2 Early Civilizations

    • PO 1 Recognize that prehistoric Native American mound-building cultures lived in Central and Eastern North America.

  • 3 Exploration and Colonization

  • 4 Revolution and New Nation

    • PO 1 Recognize that American colonists and Native American groups lived in the area of the Thirteen Colonies that was ruled by England.

    • PO 2 Recognize dissatisfaction with England's rule was a key issue that led to the Revolutionary War.

    • PO 3 Describe how the colonists demonstrated their discontent with British Rule (e.g., Boston Tea Party, Declaration of Independence, Paul Revere's Ride, battles of Lexington and Concord).

    • PO 4 Discuss contributions of key people (e.g., George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin) in gaining independence during the Revolutionary War.

    • PO 5 Know that the United States became an independent country as a result of the Revolutionary War.

    • PO 6 Discuss how the need for a strong central government led to the writing of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

  • 5 Westward Expansion

    • PO 1 Identify the reasons (e.g., economic opportunity, political or religious freedom) for immigration to the United States.

    • PO 2 Identify reasons (e.g., economic opportunities, forced removal) why people in the United States moved westward to territories or unclaimed lands.

    • PO 3 Discuss the experiences (e.g., leaving homeland, facing unknown challenges) of the pioneers as they journeyed west to settle new lands.

    • PO 4 Describe how new forms of transportation and communication impacted the westward expansion of the United States:

      • a transportation (e.g., trails, turnpikes, canals, wagon trains, steamboats, railroads)

      • b communication (e.g., Pony Express, telegraph)

    • PO 5 Discuss the effects (e.g., loss of land, depletion of the buffalo, establishment of reservations, government boarding schools) of Westward Expansion on Native Americans.

  • 6 Civil War and Reconstruction

  • 7 Emergence of the Modern United States

  • 8 Great Depression and World War II

  • 9 Postwar United States

  • 10 Contemporary United States

    • PO 1 Use information from written documents, oral presentations, and the media to describe current events.

    • PO 2 Connect current events with historical events from content studied in Strand 1 using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • PO 3 Recognize current Native American tribes in the United States (e.g., Navajo, Cherokee, Lakota, Iroquois, Nez Perce).

2 World History

  • 1 Research Skills for History

    • PO 1 Place important life events in chronological order on a timeline.

    • PO 2 Place historical events from content studied in chronological order on a timeline.

    • PO 3 Recognize how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

    • PO 4 Use primary source materials (e.g., photos, artifacts, interviews, documents, maps) and secondary source materials (e.g., encyclopedias, biographies) to study people and events from the past.

    • PO 5 Retell stories to describe past events, people and places.

  • 2 Early Civilizations

    • PO 1 Recognize that civilizations developed in China, India, and Japan.

    • PO 2 Recognize how art (e.g., porcelain, poetry), architecture (e.g., pagodas, temples), and inventions (e.g., paper, fireworks) in Asia contributed to the development of their own and later civilizations.

  • 3 World in Transition

  • 4 Renaissance and Reformation

  • 5 Encounters and Exchange

    • PO 1 Describe how expanding trade (e.g., Marco Polo's travels to Asia) led to the exchange of new goods (i.e., spices, silk) and ideas.

  • 6 Age of Revolution

    • PO 1 Recognize that people in different places (e.g., American colonies – England, Mexico – Spain) challenged their form of government, which resulted in conflict and change.

  • 7 Age of Imperialism

  • 8 World at War

  • 9 Contemporary World

    • PO 1 Use information from written documents, oral presentations, and the media to describe current events.

3 Civics/Government

  • 1 Foundations of Government

  • 2 Structure of Government

    • PO 1 Identify the three branches of national government as represented by the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court.

    • PO 2 Identify current political leaders of the state and nation:

      • a President of the United States

      • b Governor of Arizona

      • c local leaders (e.g., tribal council, mayor)

    • PO 3 Recognize how Arizona and the other states combine to make a nation.

  • 3 Functions of Government

  • 4 Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles of Citizenship

    • PO 1 Discuss examples of responsible citizenship in the school setting and in stories about the past and present.

    • PO 2 Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizenship:

      • a elements of fair play, good sportsmanship, and the idea of treating others the way you want to be treated

      • b importance of participation and cooperation in a classroom and community

      • c why we have rules and the consequences for violating them

      • d responsibility of voting

    • PO 3 Describe the importance of students contributing to a community (e.g., helping others, working together, service projects).

    • PO 4 Identify traits of character (e.g., honesty, courage, cooperation and patriotism) that are important to the preservation and improvement of democracy.

  • 5 Government Systems of the World

4 Geography

  • 1 The World in Spatial Terms

    • PO 1 Recognize different types of maps (e.g., political, physical, thematic) serve various purposes.

    • PO 2 Interpret political and physical maps using the following elements:

    • PO 3 Construct a map of a familiar place (e.g., school, home, neighborhood, fictional place) that includes a title, compass rose, symbols and key (legend).

    • PO 4 Construct tally charts and pictographs to display geographic information (e.g., birthplace – city or state).

    • PO 5 Recognize characteristics of human and physical features:

      • a physical (i.e., ocean, continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert)

      • b human (i.e., equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles)

    • PO 6 Locate physical and human features using maps, illustrations, images, or globes:

  • 2 Places and Regions

    • PO 1 Identify through images of content studied (e.g., Japan, China, United States) how places have distinct characteristics.

    • PO 2 Discuss human features (e.g., cities, parks, railroad tracks, hospitals, shops, schools) in the world.

    • PO 3 Discuss physical features (e.g., mountains, rivers, deserts) in the world.

    • PO 4 Discuss the ways places change over time.

  • 3 Physical Systems

    • Science Strand 6 Concept 3 Measure and record weather conditions, identify clouds and analyze their relationship to temperature and weather patterns.

  • 4 Human Systems

  • 5 Environment and Society

  • 6 Geographic Applications

    • PO 1 Discuss geographic concepts related to current events.

    • PO 2 Use geography concepts and skills (e.g., patterns, mapping, graphing) to find solutions for problems (e.g., trash, leaky faucets, bike paths, traffic patterns) in the environment.

5 Economics

  • 1 Foundations of Economics

    • PO 1 Discuss how scarcity requires people to make choices due to their unlimited needs and wants with limited resources.

    • PO 2 Discuss that opportunity cost occurs when people make choices and something is given up (e.g., if you go to the movies, you can't also go to the park).

    • PO 3 Identify differences among natural resources (e.g., water, soil, and wood), human resources (e.g., people at work), and capital resources (e.g., machines, tools and buildings).

    • PO 4 Recognize that people trade for goods and services.

    • PO 5 Compare the use of barter and money in the exchange for goods and services (e.g., trade a toy for candy, buying candy with money).

    • PO 6 Recognize that some goods are made in the local community and some are made in other parts of the world.

    • PO 7 Discuss how people can be both producers and consumers of goods and services.

  • 2 Microeconomics

  • 3 Macroeconomics

  • 4 Global Economics

  • 5 Personal Finance

    • PO 1 Discuss costs and benefits of personal savings.