Arkansas

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Skills available for Arkansas fifth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Nature of Science

  • 1 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of the characteristics and processes of science using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

    • Processes of Science

    • Characteristics of Science

      • NS.1.5.7 Summarize the characteristics of science

      • NS.1.5.8 Explain the role of observation in the development of a theory

      • NS.1.5.9 Define and give examples of hypotheses

Life Science

  • 2 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of living systems using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

  • 3 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of life cycles, reproduction, and heredity using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

  • 4 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of populations and ecosystems using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology.

    • Populations and Ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.1 Distinguish among and model

        • organisms

        • populations

        • communities

        • ecosystems

        • biosphere

      • LS.4.5.2 Identify the transfer of energy using energy pyramids:

        • terrestrial

        • aquatic

      • LS.4.5.3 Design food webs in specific habitats to show the flow of energy within communities:

        • terrestrial

        • aquatic

      • LS.4.5.4 Evaluate food webs under conditions of stress:

        • overgrazing

        • overpopulation

        • natural disaster

        • introduction of non-native species

        • human impact/urban development

      • LS.4.5.5 Examine the role of limiting factors on the carrying capacity of an ecosystem:

        • food

        • space

        • water

        • shelter

      • LS.4.5.6 Describe and diagram the nitrogen cycle in ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.7 Describe and diagram the carbon cycle in ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.8 Describe and diagram the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.9 Conduct investigations demonstrating the role of the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.10 Analyze the concept of conservation of mass as related to the amount of matter in an ecosystem

      • LS.4.5.11 Create ecosystems in which plants can exist without animals

      • LS.4.5.12 Conduct investigations in which plants are encouraged to thrive

      • LS.4.5.13 Construct, compare, and contrast environments in open and closed aquaria

      • LS.4.5.14 Categorize organisms by the function they serve in ecosystems and food webs:

        • predator/prey

        • parasitism

        • producer/consumer/ decomposer

        • scavenger

        • herbivore/carnivore/ omnivore

      • LS.4.5.15 Conduct field studies identifying and categorizing organisms in a given area of an ecosystem

      • LS.4.5.16 Evaluate positive and negative human effects on ecosystems

      • LS.4.5.17 Describe and illustrate various symbiotic relationships:

        • parasitism

        • mutualism

        • commensalism

      • LS.4.5.18 Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to populations and ecosystems

Physical Science

  • 5 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of matter, including properties and changes, using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

  • 6 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of motion and forces using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

    • Motion and Forces

      • PS.6.5.1 Classify simple machines

      • PS.6.5.2 Conduct investigations using

        • levers (e.g., toothbrush)

        • pulleys

        • inclined planes-ramps, wedges, and screws

        • wheels and axles

      • PS.6.5.3 Relate simple machines to inventions and discoveries

      • PS.6.5.4 Compare and contrast potential energy and kinetic energy as applied to motion

      • PS.6.5.5 Classify real world examples as potential energy or kinetic energy as applied to motion

      • PS.6.5.6 Conduct investigations using potential energy and kinetic energy

      • PS.6.5.7 Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to simple machines and potential and kinetic energy

  • 7 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of energy and transfer of energy using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

    • Energy

      • PS.7.5.1 Summarize how light can interact with matter through absorption, refraction, and reflection

      • PS.7.5.2 Investigate how light travels and interacts with an object or material

      • PS.7.5.3 Conduct investigations demonstrating how an object can be seen

      • PS.7.5.4 Design and conduct investigations of transparent, translucent, and opaque as applied to light

      • PS.7.5.5 Investigate physical interactions of light and matter and the effect on color perception:

        • refraction

        • absorption

        • transmission

        • scattering

      • PS.7.5.6 Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to light energy

Earth and Space Science

  • 8 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of Earth's structure and properties using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

    • Structure and Properties

      • ESS.8.5.1 Identify some basic elements composing minerals:

        • silicon

        • oxygen

        • iron

        • sodium

        • chlorine

        • calcium

        • carbon

        • hydrogen

        • aluminum

      • ESS.8.5.2 Investigate the growth of crystals

      • ESS.8.5.3 Identify characteristics of minerals

      • ESS.8.5.4 Conduct investigations on mineral properties:

        • luster

        • hardness

        • streak

        • acid test for calcite

        • fluorescence

      • ESS.8.5.5 Identify the following minerals:

        • halite (salt)

        • feldspar

        • sulfur

        • quartz

        • diamonds

        • gypsum

        • calcite

        • talc

        • hematite (iron)

        • precious metals (gold, silver)

      • ESS.8.5.6 Identify minerals found in Arkansas:

        • bauxite

        • diamonds

        • quartz

        • galena

      • ESS.8.5.7 Identify characteristics of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks

      • ESS.8.5.8 Compare and contrast by investigation characteristics of the three basic types of rocks:

        • sedimentary

        • igneous

        • metamorphic

      • ESS.8.5.9 Classify the three basic types of rocks

      • ESS.8.5.10 Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to minerals and rocks

    • Cycles

  • 9 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of Earth's history using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

  • 10 Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of objects in the universe using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

    • Solar system: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies

      • ESS.10.5.1 Compare the physical characteristics of the sun to other stars:

        • size

        • color

        • brightness

      • ESS.10.5.2 Demonstrate the order of planets and other space objects in our solar system

      • ESS.10.5.3 Compare the properties of planets in our solar system:

        • size

        • shape

        • density

        • atmosphere

        • distance from the sun

        • orbital path

        • moons

        • surface

        • composition

      • ESS 10.5.4 Distinguish between mass and weight

      • ESS.10.5.5 Compare the human body's mass to weight on Earth, the moon, and other planets in our solar system

      • ESS.10.5.6 Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to planets