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Skills available for Hawaii fifth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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The Scientific Process

  • 1 Discover, invent and investigate using the skills necessary to engage in the scientific process

    • Scientific Inquiry

      • SC.5.1.1 Identify the variables in scientific investigations and recognize the importance of controlling variables in scientific experiments

        • Identifies variables in a scientific investigation and describes why the variables need to be controlled.

      • SC.5.1.2 Formulate and defend conclusions based on evidence

        • Presents findings and conclusions to classmates and answers questions using evidence from the investigation.

  • 2 Understand that science, technology, and society are interrelated

Life and Environmental Sciences

  • 3 Understand the unity, diversity, and interrelationships of organisms, including their relationship to cycles of matter and energy in the environment

    • Cycles of Matter and Energy

      • SC.5.3.1 Describe the cycle of energy among producers, consumers, and decomposers

      • SC.5.3.2 Describe the interdependent relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem in terms of the cycles of matter

        • Illustrates the relationships (e.g. carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange) among producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem.

  • 4 Understand the structures and functions of living organisms and how organisms can be compared scientifically

  • 5 Understand genetics and biological evolution and their impact on the unity and diversity of organisms

Physical, Earth, and Space Sciences

  • 6 Understand the nature of matter and energy, forms of energy (including waves) and energy transformations, and their significance in understanding the structure of the universe

    • Energy and its Transformation

      • SC.5.6.1 Identify different forms of energy (e.g., thermal, electrical, nuclear, light, sound) and how they can change and transfer energy from one form to another

        • Describes different examples showing energy transformation.

      • SC.5.6.2 Describe ways that heat can be transferred from one object to another

      • SC.5.6.3 Compare what happens to light when it is reflected, refracted, and absorbed

        • Demonstrates and compares how light can be reflected (e.g., by a mirror), refracted (e.g., by a lens), and absorbed (e.g., by an object).

  • 7 Understand the relationship between force, mass, and motion of objects; and know the major natural forces: gravitational, electric, and magnetic

    • Forces and Motion

      • SC.5.7.1 Explain how electrically charged materials can push or pull other charged materials

        • Explains how electrically charged materials can be pushed or pulled by other charged materials (e.g., by rubbing balloons on a piece of wool).

  • 8 Understand the Earth and its processes, the solar system, and the universe and its contents

    • Earth in the Solar System

      • SC.5.8.1 Describe the relationship (size and distance) of Earth to other components in the solar system

        • Creates a model or diagram showing the sizes of and distance between components of Earth and the other components of the solar system.

      • SC.5.8.2 Describe examples of what astronomers have discovered using telescopes

        • Describes the information gathered by astronomers on Mauna Kea.

      • SC.5.8.3 Explain that the planets orbit the sun and that the moon orbits the Earth

        • Explains that the Earth and other planets orbit the sun and the moon orbits around the Earth.

      • SC.5.8.4 Demonstrate that day and night are caused by the rotation of the Earth on its axis

        • Demonstrates how day and night are caused by Earth's rotation on its axis.