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Skills available for Iowa fourth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Behavioral sciences include, but are not limited to, the areas of sociology, anthropology and psychology. In addressing these disciplines the actions and reactions of humans are studied through observational and experimental methods.

Economics addresses the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The concept of scarcity is understood to mean that available resources are insufficient to satisfy the wants and needs of everyone. Economics is therefore founded upon the alternative use of available resources and the study of choices.

  • Understand the role of scarcity and economic trade-offs and how economic conditions impact people's lives.

  • Understand the functions of economic institutions.

    • Understand that banks provide money to consumers and serve as the intermediary between savers and borrowers.

  • Understand how governments throughout the world influence economic behavior.

    • Understand that the government pays for goods and services it provides by taxing and borrowing.

    • Understand that all societies have developed economic systems and there are advantages and disadvantages to each type of system.

    • Understand when consumers buy goods some of the money that goes to the business is used to pay for resources and taxes.

  • Understand factors that create patterns of interdependence in the world economy.

    • Understand that when countries specialize they become more interdependent.

    • Understand the impact of increasing economic interdependence in different regions of the world.

    • Understand that local goods and services are part of the global economy.

    • Understand the concepts of exports and imports.

  • Understand that advancing technologies impact the global economy.

    • Understand that technologies have costs and benefits associated with them.

    • Understand that new inventions reflect people's needs and wants; and when these change, technology changes to reflect the new needs and wants.

    • Understand that the design process is a series of methodical steps for turning ideas into useful products and systems.

    • Understand that the manufacturing process includes designing product, gathering the resources, and producing a finished product.

  • Understand that all economies throughout the world rely upon universal concepts.

Geography is the study of the interaction between people and their environments. Geography therefore looks at the world through the concepts of location, place, human-environmental interaction, movement, and region.

History is the study and analysis of the past. Built upon a foundation of historical knowledge, history seeks to analyze the past in order to describe the relationship between historical facts, concepts, and generalizations. History draws upon cause and effect relationships within multiple social narratives to help explain complex human interactions. Understanding the past provides context for the present and implications for the future.

Political science is the study of power and authority through the examination of political processes, governmental institutions, and human behavior in a civil society. In this context the study of civics is understood to include the form and function of government. Civic literacy encompasses civics but also addresses the individual's social and political participation.