16 The student understands important customs, symbols, and celebrations of Texas.
A explain the meaning of various patriotic symbols and landmarks of Texas, including the six flags that flew over Texas, the San Jacinto Monument, the Alamo, and various missions;
B sing or recite "Texas, Our Texas";
C recite and explain the meaning of the Pledge to the Texas Flag; and
D describe the origins and significance of state celebrations such as Texas Independence Day and Juneteenth.
17 The student understands the importance of active individual participation in the democratic process.
A identify important individuals who have participated voluntarily in civic affairs at state and local levels such as Adina de Zavala and Clara Driscoll;
B explain how individuals can participate voluntarily in civic affairs at state and local levels through activities such as holding public officials to their word, writing letters, and participating in historic preservation and service projects;
C explain the duty of the individual in state and local elections such as being informed and voting;
D identify the importance of historical figures and important individuals who modeled active participation in the democratic process such as Sam Houston, Barbara Jordan, Lorenzo de Zavala, Ann Richards, Sam Rayburn, Henry B. González, James A. Baker III, Wallace Jefferson, and other local individuals; and
E explain how to contact elected and appointed leaders in state and local governments.
18 The student understands the importance of effective leadership in a constitutional republic.
A identify leaders in state, local, and national governments, including the governor, local members of the Texas Legislature, the local mayor, U.S. senators, local U.S. representatives, and Texans who have been president of the United States; and
B identify leadership qualities of state and local leaders, past and present.