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Skills available for Virginia fifth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Strand: Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

Force, Motion, and Energy

  • 5.2 The student will investigate and understand how sound is created and transmitted, and how it is used. Key concepts include a) compression waves; b) vibration, compression, wavelength, frequency, amplitude; c) the ability of different media (solids, liquids, and gases) to transmit sound; and d) uses and applications of sound waves.

    • use the basic terminology of sound to describe what sound is, how it is formed, how it affects matter, and how it travels.

    • create and interpret a model or diagram of a compression wave.

    • explain why sound waves travel only where there is matter to transmit them.

    • explain the relationship between frequency and pitch.

    • design an investigation to determine what factors affect the pitch of a vibrating object. This includes vibrating strings, rubber bands, beakers/bottles of air and water, tubes (as in wind chimes), and other common materials.

    • compare and contrast sound traveling through a solid with sound traveling through the air. Explain how different media (solid, liquid, and gas) will affect the transmission of sound.

    • compare and contrast the sound (voice) that humans make and hear to those of other animals. This includes bats, dogs, and whales.

    • compare and contrast how different kinds of musical instruments make sound. This includes string instruments, woodwinds, percussion instruments, and brass instruments.

  • 5.3 The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves. Key concepts include a) transverse waves; b) the visible spectrum; c) opaque, transparent, and translucent; d) reflection of light from reflective surfaces; and e) refraction of light through water and prisms.

    • diagram and label a representation of a light wave, including wavelength, crest, and trough.

    • explain the relationships between wavelength and the color of light. Name the colors of the visible spectrum.

    • explain the terms transparent, translucent, and opaque, and give an example of each.

    • compare and contrast reflection and refraction, using water, prisms, and mirrors.

    • analyze the effects of a prism on white light and describe why this occurs.

    • explain the relationship between the refraction of light and the formation of a rainbow.


Living Systems

Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

  • 5.6 The student will investigate and understand characteristics of the ocean environment. Key concepts include a) geological characteristics; b) physical characteristics; and c) ecological characteristics.

    • create and interpret a model of the ocean floor and label and describe each of the major features.

    • research and describe the variation in depths associated with ocean features, including the continental shelf, slope, rise, the abyssal plain, and ocean trenches.

    • design an investigation (including models and simulations) related to physical characteristics of the ocean environment (depth, salinity, formation of waves, causes of tides, and currents, such as the Gulf Stream).

    • interpret graphical data related to physical characteristics of the ocean.

    • explain the formation of ocean currents and describe and locate the Gulf Stream.

    • design an investigation (including models and simulations) related to ecological relationships of the ocean environment.

    • interpret graphical data related to the ecological characteristics of the ocean, such as the number of organisms vs. the depth of the water.

    • analyze how the physical characteristics (depth, salinity, and temperature) of the ocean affect where marine organism can live.

    • create and interpret a model of a basic marine food web, including floating organisms (plankton), swimming organisms, and organisms living on the ocean floor.

Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

  • 5.7 The student will investigate and understand how Earth's surface is constantly changing. Key concepts include a) identification of rock types; b) the rock cycle and how transformations between rocks occur; c) Earth history and fossil evidence; d) the basic structure of Earth's interior; e) changes in Earth's crust due to plate tectonics; f) weathering, erosion, and deposition; and g) human impact.