SCI.SEP1.B.3-5 Students use prior knowledge to describe and define simple design problems that can be solved through the development of an object, tool, process, or system. They include several criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.
SCI.SEP2 Students develop and use models, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.SEP2.A Developing Models
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5 Students build and revise simple models and use models to represent events and design solutions. This includes the following:
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.1 Identify limitations of models.
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.2 Collaboratively develop and/or revise a model based on evidence that shows the relationships among variables for frequent and regular occurring events.
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.3 Develop a model using an analogy, example, or abstract representation to describe a scientific principle or design solution.
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.4 Develop and/or use models to describe or predict phenomena.
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.5 Develop a diagram or simple physical prototype to convey a proposed object, tool, or process.
SCI.SEP2.A.3-5.6 Use a model to test cause and effect relationships or interactions concerning the functioning of a natural or designed system.
SCI.SEP3 Students plan and carry out investigations, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.SEP3.A Planning and Conducting Investigations
SCI.SEP3.A.3-5 Students plan and carry out investigations that control variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions. This includes the following:
SCI.SEP3.A.3-5.1 Collaboratively plan and conduct an investigation to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence, using fair tests in which variables are controlled and the number of trials considered.
SCI.SEP3.A.3-5.2 Evaluate appropriate methods and tools for collecting data.
SCI.SEP4 Students analyze and interpret data, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.SEP4.A Analyze and Interpret Data
SCI.SEP4.A.3-5 Students begin to use quantitative approaches to collect data and conduct multiple trials of qualitative observations. (When possible, digital tools should be used.) This includes the following:
SCI.SEP4.A.3-5.1 Represent data in tables or various graphical displays (bar graphs, pictographs, and pie charts) to reveal patterns that indicate relationships.
SCI.SEP5 Students use mathematics and computational thinking, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.SEP5.A Qualitative and Quantitative Data
SCI.SEP5.A.3-5 Students extend quantitative measurements to a variety of physical properties, using computation and mathematics to analyze data and compare alternative design solutions. This includes the following:
SCI.SEP5.A.3-5.1 Organize simple data sets to reveal patterns that suggest relationships.
SCI.SEP5.A.3-5.2 Describe, measure, estimate, and/or graph quantities such as area, volume, weight, and time to address scientific and engineering questions and problems.