SCI.PS1 Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of matter and its interactions to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.PS1.A Structures and Properties of Matter
SCI.PS1.A.m The fact that matter is composed of atoms and molecules can be used to explain the properties of substances, diversity of materials, states of matter, phase changes, and conservation of matter.
SCI.PS2.A.m.iii For any pair of interacting objects, the force exerted by the first object on the second object is equal in strength to the force that the second object exerts on the first, but in the opposite direction (Newton's third law).
SCI.PS3.B Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
SCI.PS3.B.m Energy changes to and from each type can be tracked through physical or chemical interactions. The relationship between the temperature and the total energy of a system depends on the types, states, and amounts of matter.
SCI.PS3.C Relationships Between Energy and Forces
SCI.PS3.C.m When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other, and these forces can transfer energy between the interacting objects.
SCI.PS3.D Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life
SCI.PS3.D.m Sunlight is captured by plants and used in a chemical reaction to produce sugar molecules for storing this energy. This stored energy can be released by respiration or combustion, which can be reversed by burning those molecules to release energy.
SCI.PS4 Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of waves and their applications in technologies for information transfer to make sense of phenomena and solve problems.
SCI.PS4.A Wave Properties
SCI.PS4.A.m A simple wave model has a repeating pattern with a specific wavelength, frequency, and amplitude, and mechanical waves need a medium through which they are transmitted. This model can explain many phenomena including sound and light. Waves can transmit energy.