9-12.R.4 Read various texts closely to determine what each text explicitly says and to make logical inferences; cite specific textual evidence to support conclusions drawn from the texts.
9-12.R.4.a Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of various texts in ways that demonstrate what the text(s) says explicitly and implicitly, including attending to moments of textual inconsistency or ambiguity.
9-12.R.5.b Determine the theme(s) or central idea(s) of various texts and analyze the development of the theme(s) or central idea(s) over the course of the texts, including how elements interact and build on one another, to provide a complex account or analysis.
9-12.R.6 Analyze the impact of an author's choices and determine how specific individuals/characters, elements and/or techniques, events, or ideas interact and develop over the course of the text (or a series of texts).
9-12.R.6.a Analyze in detail how an author develops individuals/characters, events, ideas, elements and/or techniques to create interactions over the course of a text (or a series of texts).
9-12.R.7 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in various texts, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
9-12.R.7.a Determine the meaning of figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings and phrases as they are used in various contexts and texts; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings and/or language that is particularly evocative.
9-12.R.9 Assess how perspective or purpose shapes the content and style of various texts.
9-12.R.9.a Analyze and evaluate how authors from various contexts (e.g. diverse, intersectional, multicultural, religious) use perspective and purpose to shape the intended content, style, and effect of various texts.
9-12.R.11 Analyze and evaluate content presented in various texts (e.g. literary, historical, visual, artistic, quantitative, and technological).
9-12.R.11.a Evaluate and synthesize multiple sources of information and various texts (e.g., literary, visual, artistic, and quantitative) in order to achieve a specific purpose or to answer a question.