9-12.QR.A.5 Represent complex numbers and their operations on the complex plane.
HSN.CN.B.4 Represent complex numbers on the complex plane in rectangular and polar form (including real and imaginary numbers), and explain why the rectangular and polar forms of a given complex number represent the same number.
HSN.CN.B.5 Represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, and conjugation of complex numbers geometrically on the complex plane; use properties of this representation for computation. For example, (-1 + √3 i)³ = 8 because (-1 + √3 i) has modulus 2 and argument 120°.
9-12.QR.A.7 Represent and model with vector quantities.
HSN.VM.A.1 Recognize vector quantities as having both magnitude and direction. Represent vector quantities by directed line segments and use appropriate symbols for vectors and their magnitudes (e.g., v, |v|, ||v||, v).
HSN.VM.B4c Understand vector subtraction v - w as v + (-w), where -w is the additive inverse of w, with the same magnitude as w and pointing in the opposite direction. Represent vector subtraction 8 graphically by connecting the tips in the appropriate order, and perform vector subtraction componentwise.
HSN.VM.B5b Compute the magnitude of a scalar multiple cv using ||cv|| = |c|v. Compute the direction of cv knowing that when |c|v ≠ 0, the direction of cv is either along v (for c > 0) or against v (for c < 0).
HSN.VM.C.10 Understand that the zero and identity matrices play a role in matrix addition and multiplication similar to the role of 0 and 1 in the real numbers. The determinant of a square matrix is nonzero if and only if the matrix has a multiplicative inverse.
9-12.AR.A.15 Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities.
HSF.BF.A.1 Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.
HSF.BF.A.1c Compose functions. For example, if T(y) is the temperature in the atmosphere as a function of height, and h(t) is the height of a weather balloon as a function of time, then T(h(t)) is the temperature at the location of the weather balloon as a function of time.
9-12.AR.A.19 Extend the domain of trigonometric functions using the unit circle.
HSF.TF.A.3 Use special triangles to determine geometrically the values of sine, cosine, tangent for Π/3, Π/4 and Π/6, and use the unit circle to express the values of sine, cosine, and tangent for x, Π + x, and 2Π - x in terms of their values for x, where x is any real number.
9-12.GR.A.13 Explain volume formulas and use them to solve problems.
HSG.GMD.A.2 Give an informal argument using Cavalieri's principle for the formulas for the volume of a sphere and other solid figures.
Statistics & Probability: Using Probability to Make Decisions
9-12.SR.A.8 Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems.
HSS.MD.A.1 Define a random variable for a quantity of interest by assigning a numerical value to each event in a sample space; graph the corresponding probability distribution using the same graphical displays as for data distributions.
HSS.MD.A.3 Develop a probability distribution for a random variable defined for a sample space in which theoretical probabilities can be calculated; find the expected value. For example, find the theoretical probability distribution for the number of correct answers obtained by guessing on all five questions of a multiple-choice test where each question has four choices, and find the expected grade under various grading schemes.
HSS.MD.A.4 Develop a probability distribution for a random variable defined for a sample space in which probabilities are assigned empirically; find the expected value. For example, find a current data distribution on the number of TV sets per household in the United States, and calculate the expected number of sets per household. How many TV sets would you expect to find in 100 randomly selected households?
9-12.SR.A.9 Use probability to evaluate outcomes of decisions.
HSS.MD.B.5 Weigh the possible outcomes of a decision by assigning probabilities to payoff values and finding expected values.
HSS.MD.B.5a Find the expected payoff for a game of chance. For example, find the expected winnings from a state lottery ticket or a game at a fast-food restaurant.
HSS.MD.B.5b Evaluate and compare strategies on the basis of expected values. For example, compare a high-deductible versus a low-deductible automobile insurance policy using various, but reasonable, chances of having a minor or a major accident.