Students draw on concepts from civics and government to understand political systems, power, authority, governance, civic ideals and practices, and the role of citizens in the community, Maine, the United States, and the world.
8.C&G.1 Civics & Government 1: Students understand the basic ideals, purposes, principles, structures, and processes of constitutional government in Maine and the United States as well as examples of other forms of government in the world by:
8.C&G.1.F1 Explaining that the study of government includes the structures and functions of government and the political and civic activity of citizens.
8.C&G.1.F2 Describing the structures and processes of United States government and government of the State of Maine and how these are framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution, and other primary sources.
8.C&G.1.F3 Explaining the concepts of federalism and checks and balances and the role these concepts play in the governments of the United States and Maine as framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution and other primary sources.
8.C&G.2.D2 Analyzing how people influence government and work for the common good including voting, writing to legislators, performing community service, and engaging in civil disobedience through selecting, planning, and implementing a civic action or service-learning project based on a school, community, or state asset or need, and analyze the project's effectiveness and civic contribution.
Students draw from concepts and processes in personal finance to understand issues of money management, saving, investing, credit, and debt; students draw from concepts and processes in economics to understand issues of production, distribution, consumption in the community, Maine, the United States, and the world.
8.PF&E.1 Personal Finance: Students understand the principles and processes of personal finance by:
8.PF&E.1.F1 Explaining how scarcity influences choices and relates to the market economy.
8.PF&E.1.D1 Using a process for making spending and savings decisions based on work, wages, income, expenses, and budgets as they relate to the study of individual financial choices.
8.PF&E.2 Economics: Students understand the principles and processes of personal economics, the influence of economics on personal life and business, and the economic systems of Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world by:
8.PF&E.2.F1 Describing the functions of financial institutions.
8.PF&E.3 Global Connections: Students understand economic aspects of unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and various world cultures, including Maine Native Americans, by:
8.PF&E.3.F1 Researching the pros and cons of economic processes, economic institutions, and economic influences of diverse cultures, including Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and various cultures in the world to propose a solution to an economic problem.
Students draw on concepts and processes from geography to understand issues involving people, places, and environments in the community, Maine, the United States, and the world.
8.G.1 Geography 1: Students understand the geography of the community, Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world and the geographic influences on life in the past, present, and future by:
8.G.1.F1 Using the geographic grid and a variety of types of maps, including digital sources, to locate and access relevant geographic information that reflects multiple perspectives.
8.G.2.D1 Summarizing and interpreting the relationship between geographic features and cultures of Maine Native Americans, and historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine, United States, and the world.
Students draw on concepts and processes using primary and secondary sources from history to develop historical perspective and understand issues of continuity and change in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.
8.H.1 History 1: Students understand major eras, major enduring themes, and historic influences in the history of Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world by:
8.H.1.F1 Explaining that history includes the study of past human experience based on available evidence from a variety of primary and secondary sources; and explaining how history can help one better understand and make informed decisions about the present and future.
8.H.1.D4 Making decisions related to the classroom, school, community, civic organization, Maine, or beyond; applying appropriate and relevant social studies knowledge and skills, including research skills, and other relevant information.
8.H.2.F3 Identifying major turning points and events in the history of Maine Native Americans and various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine, the United States, and other cultures in the world.
8.H.2.D3 Describing major turning points and events in the history of Maine Native Americans and various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine, the United States, and other cultures in the world.