Michigan flag
Skills available for Michigan third-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

Show alignments for:


Science Processes

Physical Science

  • P.FM Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.

    • P.FM.E.2 Earth pulls down on all objects with a force called gravity. With very few exceptions, objects fall to the ground no matter where the object is on the Earth.

      • P.FM.03.22 Identify the force that pulls objects towards the Earth.

    • P.FM.E.3 A force is either a push or a pull. The motion of objects can be changed by forces. The size of the change is related to the size of the force. The change is also related to the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is being exerted. When an object does not move in response to a force, it is because another force is being applied by the environment.

    • P.FM.E.4 An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels in a standard amount of time.

      • P.FM.03.41 Describe the motion of objects in terms of direction.

      • P.FM.03.42 Identify changes in motion (change direction, speeding up, slowing down).

      • P.FM.03.43 Relate the speed of an object to the distance it travels in a standard amount of time.

  • P.EN Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth.

    • P.EN.E.1 Heat, electricity, light, and sound are forms of energy.

      • P.EN.03.11 Identify light and sound as forms of energy.

    • P.EN.E.2 Light travels in a straight path. Shadows result from light not being able to pass through an object. When light travels at an angle from one substance to another (air and water), it changes direction.

      • P.EN.03.21 Demonstrate that light travels in a straight path and that shadows are made by placing an object in a path of light.

      • P.EN.03.22 Observe what happens to light when it travels from air to water (a straw half in the water and half in the air looks bent).

    • P.EN.E.3 Vibrating objects produce sound. The pitch of sound varies by changing the rate of vibration.

      • P.EN.03.31 Relate sounds to their sources of vibrations (for example: a musical note produced by a vibrating guitar string, the sounds of a drum made by the vibrating drum head).

      • P.EN.03.32 Distinguish the effect of fast or slow vibrations as pitch.

  • P.PM Develop an understanding that all matter has observable attributes with physical and chemical properties that are described, measured, and compared. Understand that states of matter exist as solid, liquid, or gas; and have physical and chemical properties. Understand all matter is composed of combinations of elements, which are organized by common attributes and characteristics on the Periodic Table. Understand that substances can be classified as mixtures or compounds and according to their physical and chemical properties.

    • P.PM.E.5 Objects vary to the extent they absorb and reflect light energy and conduct heat and electricity.

      • P.PM.03.51 Demonstrate how some materials are heated more than others by light that shines on them.

      • P.PM.03.52 Explain how we need light to see objects: light from a source reflects off objects and enters our eyes.

Life Science

Earth Science

  • E.ES Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how the sun's warming relates to weather, climate, seasons, and the water cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.

    • E.ES.E.4 The supply of many natural resources is limited. Humans have devised methods for extending their use of natural resources through recycling, reuse, and renewal.

      • E.ES.03.41 Identify natural resources (metals, fuels, fresh water, fertile soil, and forests).

      • E.ES.03.42 Classify renewable (fresh water, fertile soil, forests) and non-renewable (fuels, metals) resources.

      • E.ES.03.43 Describe ways humans are protecting, extending, and restoring resources (recycle, reuse, reduce, renewal).

      • E.ES.03.44 Recognize that paper, metal, glass, and some plastics can be recycled.

    • E.ES.E.5 Humans depend on their natural and constructed environment. Humans change environments in ways that are helpful or harmful for themselves and other organisms.

      • E.ES.03.51 Describe ways humans are dependent on the natural environment (forests, water, clean air, earth materials) and constructed environments (homes, neighborhoods, shopping malls, factories, and industry).

      • E.ES.03.52 Describe helpful or harmful effects of humans on the environment (garbage, habitat destruction, land management, renewable and non-renewable resources).

  • E.SE Develop an understanding of the properties of earth materials and how those properties make materials useful. Understand gradual and rapid changes in earth materials and features of the surface of Earth. Understand magnetic properties of Earth.

    • E.SE.E.1 Earth materials that occur in nature include rocks, minerals, soils, water, and the gases of the atmosphere. Some Earth materials have properties which sustain plant and animal life.

    • E.SE.E.2 The surface of Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes, such as erosion and weathering, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.

    • E.SE.E.3 Some Earth materials have properties that make them useful either in their present form or designed and modified to solve human problems. They can enhance the quality of life as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation.

      • E.SE.03.31 Identify Earth materials used to construct some common objects (bricks, buildings, roads, glass).

      • E.SE.03.32 Describe how materials taken from the Earth can be used as fuels for heating and transportation.