PK.1 Children develop the ability to think and work with numbers easily, to understand their uses, and describe their relationships. Children learn the meaning of numbers in their everyday experiences (e.g., home, early childhood settings, community and nature).
PK.1.1 experience, discover, and explore number relationships.
PK.1.3 understand that numbers always represent the same quantity (five objects are still five objects whether they are arranged in a vertical or horizontal arrangement) regardless of the order or physical arrangement of the objects counted.
PK.1.4 attach meaning to visual and verbal uses of numbers (numbers on homes help to find a friend's house).
PK.1.5 explore the steps from inventive to accurate counting (inventive - 1,3,8,5 to accurate counting - 1,2,3,4,5).
PK.1.6 count a series of objects in a group and tell the number (there are five cars in the block area).
PK.3.4 reproduce patterns of sounds and movements (clap, stomp, clap).
PK.3.5 recognize objects arranged in a series and begin to place objects in order through trial and error (patterning blocks, by using two long blocks, one short block, two long blocks, one short block).
PK.3.6 describe a sequence of events (to build a snowperson - first, form a large ball to put on the bottom, second, form a medium ball and put in the middle, and third, form a small ball and place on top).
PK.4 Children build the foundation for recognizing and describing shapes by manipulating, playing with, tracing, and making common shapes using real objects in a variety of activities. Children learn spatial reasoning and directional words as they become aware of their bodies and personal space within their physical environment.
PK.4.1 recognize, describe, and name shapes (circles, triangles, rectangles, squares, diamonds, ovals).
PK.4.7 experiment with mapping skills by using classroom materials to recreate their surroundings.
PK.5 Children begin to use measurement instruments to explore and discover measurement relationships. They apply the characteristics of length, quantity, volume, distance, weight, area, and time to real life situations in order to construct concepts of measurement.
PK.5.1 use appropriate language to discuss measurement (heavy and light to describe weight, full and empty to describe volume, near and far to describe distance).