S:PS1:4:2.5 Collect and organize data about physical properties in order to classify objects or draw conclusions about objects and their characteristic properties (e.g., temperature, color, size, shape, weight, texture, flexibility).
PS2 Energy is necessary for change to occur in matter. Energy can be stored, transferred and transformed, but cannot be destroyed.
S:PS2:4:1.1 Recognize that energy has the ability to create change.
S:PS2:4:3.1 Identify the various forms of energy, such as electrical, light, heat, sound.
S:PS2:4:3.2 Recognize that electricity in circuits can produce light, heat, sound, and magnetic effects.
S:PS2:4:3.3 Identify and describe the organization of a simple circuit.
S:PS2:4:3.4 Differentiate between objects and materials that conduct electricity and those that are insulators of electricity.
S:PS2:4:3.5 Explain that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object; and describe how it can be reflected by a mirror, bent by a lens, or absorbed by the object.
S:PS2:4:3.6 Given a specific example or illustration (e.g., simple closed circuit, rubbing hands together) predict the observable effects of energy (i.e., the bulb lights, a bell rings, hands warm up). A test item may ask, "What will happen when…?"
S:PS2:4:3.7 Use observations of light in relation to other objects/substances to describe the properties of light (i.e., can be reflected, refracted, or absorbed).
S:PS2:4:3.8 Experiment, observe, or predict how heat might move from one object to another.
PS4 The growth of scientific knowledge in Physical Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.
1 Design Technology
S:PS4:4:1.1 Understand that materials are used in certain products based on their properties, such as strength and flexibility.
S:PS4:4:1.2 Recognize that products are made using a combination of technologies, such as how an escalator uses both a pulley system and an electrical motor.
S:PS4:4:2.1 Demonstrate how to use tools, such as magnifiers, scales, balances, rulers, and thermometers to gather data and extend the senses.
S:PS4:4:2.2 Describe how some tools can be used to modify natural materials by processes such as separating, shaping, and joining, to produce new materials.
3 Social Issues (Local and Global), Energy, Power, and Transportation, Manufacturing
S:PS4:4:3.1 Give examples of transportation systems used in New Hampshire, such as buses, trains, cars, and bicycles; and describe the sources of energy they use.
S:PS4:4:3.2 Explain that manufactured products are designed to solve a problem or meet a need.
S:PS4:4:3.3 Provide an example to illustrate that manufacturing involves changing natural materials into finished products; and explain that this results in the production of a large number of objects that look almost identical.
4 Career Technical Education Connections
S:PS4:4:4.1 Identify some jobs/careers that require knowledge and use of physical science content and/or skills.