S:SPS2:6:1.1 Explain that scientists do not pay much attention to claims about how something works unless they are backed up with evidence that can be confirmed with a logical argument.
S:SPS2:6:1.2 Describe how results of similar and repeated investigations may vary and suggest possible explanations for variations.
S:SPS2:6:1.3 Explain that sometimes similar investigations get different results because of unexpected differences in the things being investigated, the methods used, or the circumstances in which the investigation is carried out, and sometimes just because of uncertainties of observations.
S:SPS2:6:1.4 Realize that if more than one variable changes at the same time in an experiment, the outcome of the experiment may not be clearly attributable to any one of the variables.
2 Systems and Energy (SAE)
S:SPS2:6:2.1 Recognize that thinking about things as systems means looking for how every part relates to others.
S:SPS2:6:2.2 Discover that collections of pieces (e.g., powders, marbles, sugar cubes or wooden blocks) may have properties that the individual pieces do not.
S:SPS2:6:2.3 Estimate or predict the effect that making a change in one part of the system will have on other parts, and on the system as a whole.
S:SPS2:6:2.4 Compare a variety of forms of energy, including heat, light, sound, mechanical, electrical, and chemical energy.
S:SPS2:6:2.5 Demonstrate how energy can be transformed from one form to another (e.g., from electrical energy to heat, light or mechanical energy).
3 Models and Scale (MAS)
S:SPS2:6:3.1 Understand that models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly; or that are too vast to be changed deliberately; or that are potentially dangerous.
S:SPS2:6:3.2 Analyze how finding out the biggest and smallest values of something are often as revealing as knowing what the usual value is.
4 Patterns of Change (POC)
S:SPS2:6:4.1 Understand that things change in steady, repetitive, or irregular ways, or sometimes in more than one way at the same time; often the best way to tell which kinds of change are happening is to make a table or graph of measurements.
S:SPS2:6:4.2 Discover how a system may stay the same because nothing is happening or because things are happening that exactly balance each other out.
5 Form and Function (FAF)
S:SPS2:6:5.1 Describe the structure and function of organs.
S:SPS4:8:1.2 Collect real-time observations and data, synthesizing and building upon existing information (e.g., online databases, NOAA, EPA, USGS) to solve problems.
S:SPS4:8:1.3 Use appropriate tools to analyze and synthesize information (e.g., diagrams, flow charts, frequency tables, bar graphs, line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots) to draw conclusions and implications based on investigations of an issue or question.
S:SPS4:8:5.1 Use a variety of media tools to make oral and written presentations, which include written notes and descriptions, drawings, photos, and charts to communicate the procedures and results of an investigation.
6 Interpersonal and Collaborative Skills
S:SPS4:8:5.1 Work in diverse pairs/teams to answer questions, solve problems and make decisions.
S:SPS4:8:6.2 Plan and develop team science projects.
S:SPS4:8:6.3 Articulate understanding of content through personal interaction and sharing with peers.
7 Self Direction
S:SPS4:8:7.1 Keep a journal of observations and investigations, and periodically evaluate entries to assess progress toward achieving the understanding of key ideas.
8 Accountability and Adaptability
S:SPS4:8:8.1 Develop and execute a plan to collect and record accurate and complete data from various sources to solve a problem or answer a question; and gather and critically analyze data from a variety of sources.
S:SPS4:8:8.2 Participate in science competitions, where students are responsible for creating a product or participating in an event.
9 Social Responsibility
S:SPS4:8:9.1 Collaborate with a network of learners by phone, video, virtual classroom platform.
S:SPS4:8:9.2 Participate in simulation or role-playing activities in which students grapple with the ethics of complex issues.