S:ESS1:6:3.2 Identify connections between fossil evidence and geological events, such as changes in atmospheric composition, movement of tectonic plates, and asteroid/comet impact; and develop a means of sequencing this evidence.
4 Observation of the Earth from Space
S:ESS1:6:4.1 Recognize that images taken of the Earth from space can show its features and any changes in those features that appear over time.
S:ESS1:6:4.2 Explain that satellites can be used to view and track storms and Earth events, such as hurricanes and wild fires.
5 Processes and Rates of Change
S:ESS1:6:5.1 Recognize that things change in steady, repetitive, or irregular ways, or sometimes in more than one way at the same time.
S:ESS1:6:5.2 Explain how some changes to the Earth's surface happen abruptly, as a result of landslides, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; while other changes happen very slowly as a result of weathering, erosions and deposition of sediment caused by waves, wind, water and ice.
S:ESS1:6:5.3 Recognize that vibrations in materials set up wavelike disturbances that spread away from the source, as with earthquakes.
6 Rock Cycle
S:ESS1:6:6.1 Explain how soil is formed from combinations of weathered rock and decomposed plant and animal remains, and that it contains living organisms.
S:ESS1:6:6.2 Identify the components of soil and other factors, such as bacteria, fungi and worms, which influence its texture, fertility, and resistance to erosion.
S:ESS1:6.6.3 Describe the properties of soil, such as color, texture, capacity to retain water, and its ability to support plant life.
S:ESS1:6:7.1 Explain the properties that make water an essential component of the Earth's system, including solvency and its ability to maintain a liquid state at most temperatures.
S:ESS1:6:7.2 Explain that water quality has a direct effect on Earth's life forms.
ESS2 The Earth is part of a solar system, made up of distinct parts, which have temporal and spatial interrelationships.
1 Earth, Sun, and Moon
S:ESS2:6:1.1 Recognize and describe how the regular and predictable motions of the Earth and Moon explain certain Earth phenomena, such as day and night, the seasons, the year, shadows and the tides.
S:ESS2:6:1.2 Recognize that of all the known planets, Earth appears to be somewhat unique, and describe the conditions that exist on Earth that allow it to support life.
S:ESS2:6:2.1 Recognize how the tilt of the Earth's axis and the Earth's revolution around the Sun affect seasons and weather patterns.
S:ESS2:6:2.2 Identify and describe seasonal, daylight and weather patterns as they relate to energy.
3 Solar System
4 View from Earth
S:ESS2:6:4.1 Explain the historical perspective of planetary exploration and man's achievements in space, beginning with Russia's Sputnik mission in 1957.
S:ESS2:6:4.2 Describe man's perception of the constellations throughout history, and explain how he has used them to his advantage, including navigational purposes and to explain historical events.
ESS3 The origin and evolution of galaxies and the universe demonstrate fundamental principles of physical science across vast distances and time.
1 Size and Scale
2 Stars and Galaxies
ESS4 The growth of scientific knowledge in Earth Space Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.
1 Design Technology
S:ESS4:6:1.1 Understand that technology is used to design tools that improve our ability to measure and observe the world.
S:ESS4:6:2.1 Recognize that satellites and Doppler radar can be used to observe or predict the weather.
S:ESS4:6:2.2 Employ knowledge of basic weather symbols to read and interpret weather and topographic maps.