S:LS1:6:2.4 Recognize and describe the hierarchical organization of living systems, including cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, whole organisms, and ecosystems.
S:LS1:6:2.5 Explain that multicellular organisms have specialized cells, tissues, organs and organ systems that perform certain necessary functions, including digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, excretion, movement, control and coordination and protection from disease.
LS2 Energy flows and matter recycles through an ecosystem.
S:LS2:6:1.1 Identify and describe the factors that influence the number and kinds of organisms an ecosystem can support, including the resources that are available, the differences in temperature, the composition of the soil, any disease, the threat of predators, and competition from other organisms.
S:LS2:6:1.2 Explain that most microorganisms do not cause disease and that many are beneficial to the environment.
2 Flow of Energy
S:LS2:6:2.1 Describe how energy is transferred in an ecosystem through food webs; and explain the roles and relationships between producers, consumers and decomposers.
S:LS2:6:2.4 Recognize that energy, in the form of heat, is usually a byproduct when one form of energy is converted to another, such as when living organisms transform stored energy to motion.
3 Recycling of Materials
S:LS2:6:3.1 Define a population as all individuals of a species that exist together at a given place and time; and explain that all populations living together in a community, along with the physical factors with which they interact, compose an ecosystem.
S:LS2:6:3.2 Using food webs, identify and describe the ways in which organisms interact and depend on one another in an ecosystem.
S:LS3:6:3.2 Recognize that only organisms that are able to reproduce can pass on their genetic information to the next generation.
LS4 Humans are similar to other species in many ways, and yet are unique among Earth's life forms.
S:LS4:6:1.1 Recognize that learning requires more than just storage and retrieval of information and that prior knowledge needs to be tapped in order to make sense out of new experiences or information.
S:LS4:6:1.2 Explain that people can learn about others from direct experience, from the media, and from listening to others talk about their life and work.
S:LS4:6:1.3 Provide examples of how humans make judgments about new situations based on memories of past experiences.
S:LS4:6:2.1 Explain that the human body has ways to defend itself against disease-causing organisms and describe how defenders, including tears, saliva, the skin, some blood cells and stomach secretions support the defense process.
S:LS4:6:2.2 Recognize that there are some diseases that human beings can only get once; and explain how many diseases can be prevented by vaccination.
S:LS4:6:2.3 Explain how vaccines induce the body to build immunity to a disease without actually causing the disease itself.
S:LS4:6:2.4 Recognize a healthy body cannot fight all germs that invade it; and explain how some germs interfere with the body's defenses.
3 Human Identity
S:LS4:6:3.1 Recognize that the length and quality of human life are influenced by many factors, including sanitation, diet, medical care, gender, genes, environmental conditions, and personal health behaviors.
LS5 The growth of scientific knowledge in Life Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.
1 Design Technology
S:LS5:6:1.1 Recognize that an agricultural system is designed to maximize the use of all the elements in the system, including using plants for food, oxygen, for the filtration of air and water, and for making compost.
S:LS5:6:2.1 Demonstrate the appropriate use of tools, such as thermometers, probes, microscopes and computers to gather, analyze and interpret data in the life sciences.