2.2.6 Identify dominant objects, images, and symbols of the target culture (e.g., flags, currency, architectural style).
3 Connecting with other disciplines and acquiring new information
3.1 Students reinforce and further their knowledge of other disciplines through the foreign language.
3.1.1 Recognize and transfer concepts learned in other disciplines when used in the foreign language classroom (i.e., social studies--weather, geographical terms; math--measurement, money; science--animals, food; music--instruments).
3.1.2 Recognize and transfer concepts presented in the foreign language classroom for use in other disciplines (e.g., geography specific to the target culture, borrowed words and phrases: coup d'état, rodeo, Kindergarten, ipso facto).
3.1.3 Present short reports in English, orally and/or in writing, on topics studied in other disciplines (i.e., report on countries where the target language is spoken; discuss and demonstrate of musical instruments from the target culture).
3.1.4 Recognize basic vocabulary and concepts on familiar topics from other disciplines when presented in the target language (e.g., food pyramid, Spanish commercials or magazine advertising).
3.2 Students acquire information and recognize and access the distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the foreign language and its cultures.
3.2.1 Read, listen to, and discuss age-appropriate material of the target cultures, such as songs, adapted folk tales, and short stories written for native speakers of the target language.
3.2.2 Use authentic sources and media to gather information from the target cultures (e.g., use media to gather information about teen movie and rock stars; collect headlines to learn what the French public is interested in related to a U.S. issue).
3.2.3 Use authentic sources and media to identify the perspectives of the target cultures (e.g., create a collage that illustrates the German concept of bread; create a description of an ideal pet or partner, based on information from authentic media sources; prepare an authentic meal).
4 Developing Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture
4.1 Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of the language studied and their own.
4.1.1 Recognize differences between sound systems of language(s) studied and the native language (i.e., alphabet, cognates, letter blends).
4.1.4 Recognize that a language cannot be translated word for word (e.g., seek out idioms, advertising slogans, proverbs; identify English equivalents for proverbs that mean the same but are expressed differently).
4.2.3 Recognize and compare common areas of cultural stereotyping (i.e., eating habits, physical traits, clothing, personality traits).
4.2.4 Recognize and compare the varying roles of men, women, and children in various cultures (e.g., students role play traditional roles in family, create scrapbooks about imaginary extended families in the target culture).
4.2.5 Compare and contrast seasons and weather conditions (e.g., prepare a weather report contrasting local weather in January with that in the southern hemisphere).
4.2.6 Recognize and compare how religious beliefs and practices influence the home and target cultures (i.e., celebrations, saints, food, clothing, holidays).
4.2.7 Identify appropriate non-verbal communication (i.e., gestures, counting with fingers).
4.2.8 Demonstrate an awareness of formal and informal language (i.e., greetings, farewells, expressions of politeness).