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Skills available for Pennsylvania Spanish standards

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12.1 Communication in a Target Language

12.2 Communication in a Classical World Language

  • 12.2.A Know the basic sound system and spelling patterns of classical Latin or Greek.

    • 12.2.A.1 Recite the classical Latin or Greek alphabet and associated sounds and words with proper accentuation.

  • 12.2.B Recognize common vocabulary terms through reading and listening.

    • 12.2.B.1 Comprehend written sentences and spoken conversations using simple vocabulary and verbs of being, saying, seeing.

      • 12.2.B.1.a Description of dress and color

      • 12.2.B.1.b Talk between friends or family members

      • 12.2.B.1.c Talk between persons of different social classes

  • 12.2.C Know common vocabulary forms and structures used in basic speaking and writing.

    • 12.2.C.1 Write and speak common vocabulary phrases and structures during activities with teacher and classmates.

      • 12.2.C.1.a Greetings, farewells, and courtesy information

      • 12.2.C.1.b Classroom commands

      • 12.2.C.1.c Basic question words

  • 12.2.D Know simple sentence and question structures in order to read and translate classical Latin or Greek.

    • 12.2.D.1 Use simple sentence and question structures to comprehend simple written sentences and conversations.

      • 12.2.D.1.a Parts of speech in Latin or Greek and English

      • 12.2.D.1.b Conjugation of simple verbs in present tense

      • 12.2.D.1.c Basic patterns of noun, adjective and article changes (i.e., masculine, feminine, neuter)

      • 12.2.D.1.d Noun-adjective agreement

      • 12.2.D.1.e Basic interrogative words

      • 12.2.D.1.f Basic case uses

  • 12.2.E Identify words from the classical languages that are commonly used in English.

    • 12.2.E.1 Find words used in magazines, commercials and advertisements influenced by classical Latin or Greek.

      • 12.2.E.1.a Company names with Greek and Latin roots (e.g., Micron, Nike)

      • 12.2.E.1.b Mottoes (e.g., carpe diem, veni vidi vici)

  • 12.2.F Know how the classical languages have influenced other school curriculum areas.

    • 12.2.F.1 Discuss with classmates and the teacher how classical Latin or Greek has influenced other areas of the school curriculum.

      • 12.2.F.1.a Science (e.g., names of planets and plants)

      • 12.2.F.1.b Civics and Government (e.g., democratic ideals)

      • 12.2.F.1.c Geography (e.g., migration)

      • 12.2.F.1.d Mathematics (e.g., geometrical shapes)

12.3 The Role of Culture in World Language Acquisition

12.4 The Role of Culture in Classical World Language Acquisition

  • 12.4.A Identify fundamental products and customs of Greco-Roman culture.

    • 12.4.A.1 Discuss the fundamental products and customs of Greco-Roman culture.

      • 12.4.A.1.a Basic classical mythology

      • 12.4.A.1.b Famous people and cities

      • 12.4.A.1.c Roman marketplace

  • 12.4.B Know basic information in school subject areas influenced by Greco-Roman culture.

    • 12.4.B.1 List and relate content subject words used in English that have origins in classical Latin or Greek.

      • 12.4.B.1.a Science (e.g., homo sapiens, medicine)

      • 12.4.B.1.b Literature (e.g., metaphor, simile)

      • 12.4.B.1.c Physical Education (e.g., Olympics, competition)

      • 12.4.B.1.d Civics and Government (e.g., democracy, president)

  • 12.4.C Describe similarities and differences of daily life and social structures between modern and Greco-Roman culture.

    • 12.4.C.1 Model social interaction in the Roman or Greek culture and in one's own culture.

      • 12.4.C.1.a Family

      • 12.4.C.1.b Interaction among classes of people

      • 12.4.C.1.c Clothing

12.5 World Languages in the Community

12.6 Classical World Languages in the Community

  • 12.6.A Know where in the local and regional community knowledge of classical language and culture is useful.

    • 12.6.A.1 Present and exchange information about classical language experience to others in the school and the community.

      • 12.6.A.1.a Classical festivals and competitions (e.g., Latin Day)

      • 12.6.A.1.b Organizations (e.g., school classics club activities, Junior Classical Leagues)

      • 12.6.A.1.c Video productions about Roman or Greek customs

  • 12.6.B Know why classical learning is useful in the national and global community.

    • 12.6.B.1 Discuss the reasons for studying Latin or Greek in a national and global perspective.

      • 12.6.B.1.a Knowledge of basis of Western culture

      • 12.6.B.1.b Latin as the basis for Romance languages (e.g., Spanish, Italian, French)

      • 12.6.B.1.c Latin as the basis of two-thirds of English vocabulary

      • 12.6.B.1.d Latin and Greek as basis for modern technical vocabularies