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Skills available for California sixth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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6.1 Students describe what is known through archaeological studies of the early physical and cultural development of humankind from the Paleolithic era to the agricultural revolution.

  • 1 Describe the hunter-gatherer societies, including the development of tools and the use of fire.

  • 2 Identify the locations of human communities that populated the major regions of the world and describe how humans adapted to a variety of environments.

  • 3 Discuss the climatic changes and human modifications of the physical environment that gave rise to the domestication of plants and animals and new sources of clothing and shelter.

6.2 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush.

6.3 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the Ancient Hebrews.

  • 1 Describe the origins and significance of Judaism as the first monotheistic religion based on the concept of one God who sets down moral laws for humanity.

  • 2 Identify the sources of the ethical teachings and central beliefs of Judaism (the Hebrew Bible, the Commentaries): belief in God, observance of law, practice of the concepts of righteousness and justice, and importance of study; and describe how the ideas of the Hebrew traditions are reflected in the moral and ethical traditions of Western civilization.

  • 3 Explain the significance of Abraham, Moses, Naomi, Ruth, David, and Yohanan ben Zaccai in the development of the Jewish religion.

  • 4 Discuss the locations of the settlements and movements of Hebrew peoples, including the Exodus and their movement to and from Egypt, and outline the significance of the Exodus to the Jewish and other people.

  • 5 Discuss how Judaism survived and developed despite the continuing dispersion of much of the Jewish population from Jerusalem and the rest of Israel after the destruction of the second Temple in A.D. 70.

6.4 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece.

  • 1 Discuss the connections between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among Greek city-states and within the wider Mediterranean region.

  • 2 Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece, including the significance of the invention of the idea of citizenship (e.g., from Pericles' Funeral Oration).

  • 3 State the key differences between Athenian, or direct, democracy and representative democracy.

  • 4 Explain the significance of Greek mythology to the everyday life of people in the region and how Greek literature continues to permeate our literature and language today, drawing from Greek mythology and epics, such as Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and from Aesop's Fables.

  • 5 Outline the founding, expansion, and political organization of the Persian Empire.

  • 6 Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on their roles in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.

  • 7 Trace the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture eastward and into Egypt.

  • 8 Describe the enduring contributions of important Greek figures in the arts and sciences (e.g., Hypatia, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Thucydides).

6.5 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of India.

  • 1 Locate and describe the major river system and discuss the physical setting that supported the rise of this civilization.

  • 2 Discuss the significance of the Aryan invasions.

  • 3 Explain the major beliefs and practices of Brahmanism in India and how they evolved into early Hinduism.

  • 4 Outline the social structure of the caste system.

  • 5 Know the life and moral teachings of Buddha and how Buddhism spread in India, Ceylon, and Central Asia.

  • 6 Describe the growth of the Maurya empire and the political and moral achievements of the emperor Asoka.

  • 7 Discuss important aesthetic and intellectual traditions (e.g., Sanskrit literature, including the Bhagavad Gita; medicine; metallurgy; and mathematics, including Hindu-Arabic numerals and the zero).

6.6 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of China.

6.7 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures during the development of Rome.