SS4H1 Explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.
SS4H1.a Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America: French and Indian War, 1765 Stamp Act, the slogan "no taxation without representation," the activities of the Sons of Liberty, the activities of the Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, and the Boston Tea Party.
SS4H1.b Describe the influence of key individuals and groups during the American Revolution: King George III, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Benedict Arnold, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Paul Revere, and Black regiments.
SS4H1.c Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to American victory and British defeat; include the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Saratoga, and Yorktown.
SS4H2 Analyze the challenges faced by the framers of the Constitution.
SS4H2.a Identify the major leaders of the Constitutional Convention (James Madison, George Washington, and Benjamin Franklin).
SS4H2.b Evaluate the major issues debated at the Constitutional Convention: the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, the rights of states to govern themselves (federal system), the Great Compromise, and slavery (Three-Fifths Compromise).
SS4H3 Explain westward expansion in America.
SS4H3.a Describe the causes and events of the War of 1812; include the burning of the Capitol and the White House and the writing of "The Star Spangled Banner."
SS4H3.b Describe the impact of westward expansion on American Indians; include the Trail of Tears, Battle of Little Bighorn and the forced relocation of American Indians to reservations.
SS4H3.c Describe territorial expansion with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Texas (the Alamo and independence), Oregon (Oregon Trail), and California (Gold Rush and the development of mining towns).
SS4CG3.b Identify and explain the rights in the Bill of Rights, describe how the Bill of Rights places limits on the powers of government, and explain the reasons for its inclusion in the Constitution in 1791.
SS4E1 Use the basic economic concepts of trade, opportunity cost, specialization, voluntary exchange, productivity, and price incentives to illustrate historical events.
SS4E1.a Describe opportunity cost and its relationship to decision-making across time (e.g., decisions to settle in the west).
SS4E1.b Explain how price incentives affect people's behavior and choices: decisions about what crops (e.g., cotton, and tobacco) to grow and products (e.g., textiles) to produce.
SS4E1.c Describe how specialization improves standards of living (e.g., differences in the economies in the North and South).
SS4E1.d Explain how voluntary exchange helps both buyers and sellers (e.g., Gold Rush mining towns).
SS4E1.e Describe how trade promotes economic activity (e.g., trade between the U.S. and Europe).
SS4E1.f Give examples of technological advancements and their impact on business productivity during the development of the United States (e.g., cotton gin, steamboat, steam locomotive, and telegraph).