SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America.
a Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeastern (Seminole).
b Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter.
SS4H2 The student will describe European exploration in North America.
a Describe the reasons for, obstacles to, and accomplishments of the Spanish, French, and English explorations of John Cabot, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, Juan Ponce de Leon, Christopher Columbus, Henry Hudson, and Jacques Cartier.
b Describe examples of cooperation and conflict between Europeans and Native Americans.
SS4H4 The student will explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.
a Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America, including the French and Indian War, British Imperial Policy that led to the 1765 Stamp Act, the slogan "no taxation without representation," the activities of the Sons of Liberty, and the Boston Tea Party.
b Identify the major leaders of the Constitutional Convention (James Madison and Benjamin Franklin) and describe the major issues they debated, including the rights of states, the Great Compromise, and slavery.
c Identify the three branches of the U. S. government as outlined by the Constitution, describe what they do, how they relate to each other (checks and balances and separation of power), and how they relate to the states.
d Identify and explain the rights in the Bill of Rights, describe how the Bill of Rights places limits on the power of government, and explain the reasons for its inclusion in the Constitution in 1791.
SS4H6 The student will explain westward expansion of America between 1801 and 1861.
a Describe territorial expansion with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Texas (the Alamo and independence), Oregon (Oregon Trail), and California (Gold Rush and the development of mining towns).
SS4G1 The student will be able to locate important physical and man-made features in the United States
a Locate major physical features of the United States; include the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Great Plains, the Continental Divide, the Great Basin, Death Valley, the Gulf of Mexico, the St. Lawrence River, and the Great Lakes.
b Locate major man-made features; include New York City, NY; Boston, MA; Philadelphia, PA; and the Erie Canal.
SS4CG3 The student will describe the functions of government.
a Explain the process for making and enforcing laws.
b Explain managing conflicts and protecting rights.
c Describe providing for the defense of the nation.
d Explain limiting the power of people in authority.
e Explain the fiscal responsibility of government.
SS4CG4 The student will explain the importance of Americans sharing certain central democratic beliefs and principles, both personal and civic.
a Explain the necessity of respecting the rights of others and promoting the common good.
b Explain the necessity of obeying reasonable laws/rules voluntarily, and explain why it is important for citizens in a democratic society to participate in public (civic) life (staying informed, voting, volunteering, communicating with public officials).