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Skills available for Michigan seventh-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Civics and Government

  • C1 Analyze how people identify, organize, and accomplish the purposes of government.

    • C1.1 Describe civic life, politics and government and explain their relationships.

      • 7 - C1.1.1 Explain how the purposes served by government affect relationships between the individual, government, and society as a whole and the differences that occur in monarchies, theocracies, dictatorships, and representative governments.

  • C3 Explain that governments are structured to serve the people. Describe the major activities of government, including making and enforcing laws, providing services and benefits to individuals and groups, assigning individual and collective responsibilities, generating revenue, and providing national security.

    • C3.6 Describe the characteristics of nation-states and how nation-states may interact.

      • 7 - C3.6.1 Define the characteristics of a nation-state (a specific territory, clearly defined boundaries, citizens, and jurisdiction over people who reside there, laws, and government) and how Eastern Hemisphere nations interact.

  • C4 Explain that nations interact with one another through trade, diplomacy, treaties and agreements, humanitarian aid, economic sanctions and incentives, and military force and threat of force.

    • C4.3 Explain the various ways that nations interact both positively and negatively.

      • 7 - C4.3.1 Explain how governments address national issues and form policies, and how the policies may not be consistent with those of other countries (e.g., population pressures in China compared to Sweden; international immigration quotas, international aid, energy needs for natural gas and oil and military aid).

      • 7 - C4.3.2 Explain the challenges to governments and the cooperation needed to address international issues (e.g., migration and human rights).

      • 7 - C4.3.3 Explain why governments belong to different types of international and regional organizations (e.g., United Nations (UN), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), European Union (EU), and African Union (AU), G-8 countries (leading economic/political)).


  • E1 Describe the market economy in terms of the relevance of limited resources, how individuals and institutions make and evaluate decisions, the role of incentives, how buyers and sellers interact to create markets, how markets allocate resources, and the economic role of government in a market economy.

    • E1.1 Describe how individuals, businesses, and governments make economic decisions when confronting scarcity in the market economy.

      • 7 - E1.1.1 Explain the role of incentives in different economic systems (acquiring money, profit, goods, wanting to avoid loss, position in society, job placement).

      • 7 - E1.1.2 Describe the circular flow model (that businesses get money from households in exchange for goods and services and return that money to households by paying for the factors of production that households have to sell) and apply it to a public service (e.g., education, health care, military protection).

  • E2 Use economic concepts, terminology, and data to identify and describe how a national economy functions. They study the role of government as a provider of goods and services within a national economy.

    • E2.3 Describe how national governments make decisions that affect the national economy.

      • 7 - E2.3.1 Explain how national governments make decisions that impact both that country and other countries that use its resources (e.g., sanctions and tariffs enacted by a national government to prevent imports, most favored trade agreements, the impact China is having on the global economy and the U.S. economy in particular).

  • E3 Analyze reasons for individuals and businesses to specialize and trade, why individuals and businesses trade across international borders, and the comparisons of the benefits and costs of specialization and the resulting trade for consumers, producers, and governments.

    • E3.1 Describe patterns and networks of economic interdependence, including trade.

      • 7 - E3.1.1 Explain the importance of trade (imports and exports) on national economies in the Eastern Hemisphere (e.g., natural gas in North Africa, petroleum Africa, mineral resources in Asia).

      • 7 - E3.1.2 Diagram or map the movement of a consumer product from where it is manufactured to where it is sold to demonstrate the flow of materials, labor, and capital (e.g., global supply chain for computers, athletic shoes, and clothing).

      • 7 - E3.1.3 Determine the impact of trade on a region of the Eastern Hemisphere by graphing and analyzing the gross Domestic Product of the region for the past decade and comparing the data with trend data on the total value of imports and exports over the same period.

      • 7 - E3.1.4 Explain how communications innovations have affected economic interactions and where and how people work (e.g., internet home offices, international work teams, international companies).

    • E3.3 Describe how societies organize to allocate resources to produce and distribute goods and services.

      • 7 - E3.3.1 Explain and compare how economic systems (traditional, command, and market) answer four basic questions: What should be produced? How will it be produced? How will it be distributed? Who will receive the benefits of production? (e.g., market economies in Africa, Europe; command economy in North Korea; and the transition to market economies in Vietnam and China).

Public Discourse, Decision Making, and Citizen Involvement

  • P3.1 Identifying and Analyzing Issues, Decision Making, Persuasive Communication About a Public Issue, and Citizen Involvement.

    • 7 - P3.1.1 Clearly state an issue as a question or public policy, trace the origins of an issue, analyze and synthesize various perspectives, and generate and evaluate alternative resolutions. Deeply examine policy issues in group discussions and debates to make reasoned and informed decisions. Write persuasive/argumentative essays expressing and justifying decisions on public policy issues. Plan and conduct activities intended to advance views on matters of public policy, report the results, and evaluate effectiveness.

      • Identify public policy issues related to global topics and issues studied.

      • Clearly state the issue as a question of public policy orally or in written form.

      • Use inquiry methods to acquire content knowledge and appropriate data about the issue.

      • Identify the causes and consequences and analyze the impact, both positive and negative.

      • Share and discuss findings of research and issue analysis in group discussions and debates.

      • Compose a persuasive essay justifying the position with a reasoned argument.

      • Develop an action plan to address or inform others about the issue at the local to global scales.

  • P4.2 Act constructively to further the public good.

    • 7 - P4.2.1 Demonstrate knowledge of how, when, and where individuals would plan and conduct activities intended to advance views in matters of public policy, report the results, and evaluate effectiveness.

    • 7 - P4.2.2 Engage in activities intended to contribute to solving a national or international problem studied.

    • 7 - P4.2.3 Participate in projects to help or inform others (e.g., service learning projects).