8.8.4 The student will apply knowledge of word origins, analogies, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development within authentic texts. a) Identify and analyze an author's use of figurative language. b) Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meaning and differentiate among multiple meanings of words and phrases. c) Use roots, affixes, cognates, synonyms, and antonyms to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words and technical vocabulary. d) Use dictionaries, thesauruses, and glossaries to determine definition, pronunciation, etymology, spelling, and usage of words. e) Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation. f) Extend general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
8.8.4.A use word structure to analyze and relate words.
22.214.171.124 distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., refined, respectful, polite, diplomatic, condescending), recognizing that some words have technical meanings based on context such as stern.
8.8.5 The student will read and analyze a variety of fictional texts, narrative nonfiction, and poetry. a) Explain the use of symbols and figurative language. b) Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support. c) Explain how authors use characters, conflict, point of view, voice, and tone to create meaning. d) Understand the author's use of conventional elements and characteristics within a variety of genres. e) Compare and contrast the author's use of word choice, dialogue, form, rhyme, rhythm, and voice in different texts. f) Compare and contrast authors' styles. g) Identify and ask questions that clarify various viewpoints. h) Identify the main idea. i) Summarize text relating supporting details. j) Identify an author's organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases. k) Identify cause and effect relationships. l) Use prior and background knowledge as a context for new learning. m) Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
8.8.5.A understand that an author's voice and tone stem from the stylized use of literary devices.
8.8.6 The student will read, comprehend, and analyze a variety of nonfiction texts. a) Draw on background knowledge and knowledge of text structure to understand selections. b) Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support. c) Analyze the author's qualifications, viewpoint, and impact. d) Analyze the author's use of text structure and word choice. e) Analyze details for relevance and accuracy. f) Differentiate between fact and opinion. g) Identify the main idea. h) Summarize the text identifying supporting details. i) Identify an author's organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases. j) Identify cause and effect relationships. k) Evaluate, organize, and synthesize information for use in written and oral formats. l) Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
8.8.6.A activate prior knowledge before reading.
8.8.6.B make predictions prior to and during the reading process.
8.8.6.C recognize an author's viewpoint and use of persuasive language.