S.7.PS.3 apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
S.7.PS.4 plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.
S.7.PS.5 construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.
Forces and Interactions
S.7.PS.6 apply Newton's Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.
S.7.PS.7 plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object's motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
S.7.PS.8 ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces.
S.7.PS.9 construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.
S.7.PS.10 conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.
Earth and Space Sciences
S.7.ESS.1 develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth's materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
S.7.ESS.3 construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
History of Earth
S.7.ESS.4 construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic timescale is used to organize Earth's 4.6-billion-year-old history.
S.7.ESS.5 construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.