b Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions – halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) – in scientific calculations.
c Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.
S5CS3 Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.
a Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.
b Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.
c Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information.
d Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.
S5CS4 Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
a Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.
b Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.
b Identify when comparisons might not be fair because some conditions are different.
S5CS7 Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will recognize that:
a Similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.
b Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.
S5CS8 Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
a Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.
b Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.
c Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.
d Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.
Co-Requisite - Content
S5E1 Students will identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes.
a Identify surface features caused by constructive processes.