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Skills available for Maryland fourth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1.0 Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.

  • A The Foundations and Function of Government

    • 1 Trace how the political structure in early Maryland developed and changed over time

      • a Describe how the colony of Maryland was established and governed including the establishment of rule of law and power with authority, such as Proprietorships, Royal Governor, and early General Assembly

      • b Explain the importance of the Office of the Governor and the Court of Appeals

      • c Outline the structure and function of the Maryland General Assembly and the roles of state senators and delegates

    • 2 Analyze the documents, and democratic ideas that developed in the Maryland Colony

      • a Analyze how colonial law influenced individuals in Maryland and other colonies, such as indentured servants contracts, Tolerance Acts of 1649, Maryland Charter of 1632

      • b Describe how the Maryland State Constitution includes democratic principles and values

    • 3 Analyze the role of Maryland government regarding public policy and issues

      • a Analyze perspectives and policies in Maryland regarding historic and current public issues

      • b Explain the effect that regional interests have on shaping government policy in and around Maryland, such as Chesapeake Bay issues, availability of land for mining, land use

  • B Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

    • 1 Analyze how individuals and groups contributed to the political system in Maryland

      • a Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who influenced the early political structure

      • b Research the role of Marylanders who influenced the building of our new nation, such as the Sons of Liberty, William Paca, Charles Carroll, Thomas Stone, and Samuel Chase

    • 2 Defend the importance of civic participation as a citizen of Maryland

      • a Identify various sources of information that are available to citizens to make political decisions

      • b Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering

  • C Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

    • 1 Describe rights and responsibilities of being a citizen in Maryland

      • a Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important

      • b Describe the role of Maryland state judiciary system

    • 2 Explain how Maryland government protects the rights of individuals and groups

      • a Describe the rule of law and explain how it impacts individuals and groups

      • b Describe the balance between private life and government in providing order and protecting rights

2.0 Students will understand the diversity and commonality, human interdependence, and global cooperation of the people of Maryland, the United States and the World through both a multicultural and historic perspective.

3.0 Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.

4.0 Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.

  • A Scarcity and Economic Decision-making

  • B Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy

    • 1 Describe the types of economic systems in Maryland

      • a Provide examples of tradition in the Maryland economy, such as businesses and skills that are handed down through families

      • b Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Maryland during different historical periods

    • 2 Describe the role of government in regulating economic activity and providing goods and services

      • a Give examples of how governments' decision making affect economic growth and the ability to provide jobs and provide services

      • b Explain how local and state governments in Maryland provide goods and services and are paid for by taxes

      • c Give examples of government's rules and laws that affect how people in businesses work such as, requiring licenses to drive and regulating resources

    • 3 Examine the progression from a barter system to a money economy in Colonial America

      • a Give examples of barter exchanges of goods and services in Maryland

      • b Give examples of contemporary money exchanges

5.0 Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.

  • A Individuals and Societies Change Over Time

    • 1 Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events leading to early settlement in Maryland

    • 2 Compare Native American societies in Maryland before and after European colonization

      • a European colonization a. Identify the development of indigenous societies from the Paleo-Indians to the Woodland Indians

      • b Describe Native American societies indigenous to Maryland after European contact

  • B Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires

  • C Conflict between Ideas and Institutions

    • 1 Examine the consequences of interactions among groups and cultures in Maryland

      • a Describe Maryland colonists' reactions to changing economic policies from England using events that led to the American Revolutionary War

      • b Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period

    • 2 Explain the political, cultural, economic and social changes in Maryland during the early 1800s

      • a Describe Maryland's role in the War of 1812

      • b Describe the importance of changes in industry, transportation, education, rights and freedoms in Maryland, such as roads and canals, slavery, B&O railroad, the National Road, immigration, public schools, and religious freedoms

    • 3 Analyze regional differences in the Civil War and its effects on people in Maryland

      • a Describe the economic interests in Maryland, such as agricultural v. industrial and slave v. non-slave

      • b Explain why loyalties to the North and the South were divided in Maryland

    • 4 Analyze how the institution of slavery impacted individuals and groups in Maryland

6.0 Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.