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Skills available for Maryland seventh-grade social studies standards

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1 Civics

  • 1.1 The Foundations and Function of Government

    • 1.1.1 Analyze the characteristics and structure of various systems of government around the world.

      • 1.1.1.a Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy.

      • 1.1.1.b Compare the advantages and disadvantages of unlimited government, such as authoritarian and dictatorships.

      • 1.1.1.c Explain and demonstrate how nation-states interact with each other.

      • 1.1.1.d Using multi-perspectives, describe and trace how past events assisted or impeded the development of nations, such as the founding of Israel, the break-up of the Soviet Union.

    • 1.1.2 Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of political systems around the world.

      • 1.1.2.a Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the UN Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid.

    • 1.1.3 Analyze the roles of governments around the world regarding public policy and issues.

      • 1.1.3.a Evaluate the effectiveness of the various policies of governments in addressing issues, such as health, poverty, crime, security, and environmental concerns.

      • 1.1.3.b Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear).

  • 1.2 Individual and Group Participation in the Political System

    • 1.2.1 Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions.

      • 1.2.1.a Compare methods used to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts.

      • 1.2.1.b Evaluate ways citizens use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy.

      • 1.2.1.c Describe how political parties and special interest groups influence and change government policy, such as third parties, and non governmental organizations.

      • 1.2.1.d Analyze the role of media and public opinion in shaping government policy and action.

    • 1.2.2 Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the world.

      • 1.2.2.a Analyze the relevancy of sources and perspectives of information such as internet sites and online newspapers.

      • 1.2.2.b Analyze the concept of a global citizen and how the awareness and responsibilities have changed during the information age.

  • 1.3 Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order

    • 1.3.1 Examine the rights and responsibilities of being a citizen of the world.

      • 1.3.1.a Justify the responsibilities associated with certain human rights in a global society such as a commitment to world peace and the elimination of poverty.

      • 1.3.1.b Explain how international rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good, such as the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, European Union membership, Geneva Conventions.

    • 1.3.2 Analyze how governments, organizations, and policies around the world protect or fail to protect the rights of individuals and groups.

      • 1.3.2.a Analyze how the definition of the common good differs in limited and unlimited governments.

      • 1.3.2.b Debate the need to balance between providing for the common good and how protecting individual rights differ in governments around the world.

      • 1.3.2.c Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization.

2 Peoples of the Nations and World

  • 2.1 Elements of Culture

  • 2.2 Cultural Diffusion

  • 2.3 Conflict and Compromise

    • 2.3.1 Analyze major sources of tension, cooperation, and conflict in the world and the efforts that have been made to address them.

      • 2.3.1.a Evaluate causes of conflict in the global community, such as Apartheid, the acquisition of natural resources, the decline of communism, ethnic persecution, and domestic and international terrorism.

      • 2.3.1.b Analyze and describe the efforts of world nations and groups to assist in the resolution of conflicts within and among regions, such as the United Nations, the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, United States Agency for International Development and other humanitarian organizations.

      • 2.3.1.c Analyze and describe efforts by nations to promote cooperation within and among those regions, such as the creation of the International Monetary Fund, North American Free Trade Agreement, World Bank, European Union and world-wide healthcare initiatives.

3 Geography

4 Economics

  • 4.1 Scarcity and Economic Decision-making

    • 4.1.1 Analyze the decisions that people made because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in contemporary world regions.

    • 4.1.2 Analyze how scarcity of economic resources affects economic choices in contemporary world regions.

      • 4.1.2.a Describe how goals of countries affect the use of resources in the pursuit of economic growth, and sustainable development.

      • 4.1.2.b Identify tradeoffs made in economic decisions by producers and consumers.

      • 4.1.2.c Explain how available resources affect specialization and trade.

    • 4.1.3 Analyze how technological changes have affected the consumption and production in the contemporary world.

      • 4.1.3.a Give examples of how technology has changed consumption of goods and services, such as the development of computers.

      • 4.1.3.b Examine why technology has changed job skills and the influenced productivity.

    • 4.1.4 Compare the levels of specialization and economic development in different parts of the contemporary world.

      • 4.1.4.a Analyze examples of specialization that result from economic resources.

      • 4.1.4.b Describe the standard of living and the quality of life in a world region using data, such as Gross National Product (GNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), per capita income and the Human Development Index (HDI).

      • 4.1.4.c Identify factors that have influenced economic development in various regions, such as individuals, corporations, natural resources, technology, military power, population growth, international organizations, infrastructure and public health issues.

  • 4.2 Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy

    • 4.2.1 Evaluate the types of economic systems in countries throughout the contemporary world.

      • 4.2.1.a Examine how different economic systems, traditional, command, market, and mixed answer the basic economic question of what, how, and for whom to produce.

      • 4.2.1.b Describe examples of decisions in traditional economies, such as the economic roles of men and women.

      • 4.2.1.c Describe examples of command modern economies, such as government ownership of land and other resources.

    • 4.2.2 Analyze the role of government in the economies of contemporary societies.

      • 4.2.2.a Explore how government spending and taxation influence an economy's ability to grow and provide jobs and services.

      • 4.2.2.b Evaluate the trade-offs of government regulations.

      • 4.2.2.c Analyze the ways that governments can help or impede economic activity, such as providing a stable monetary system, protecting property rights, maintaining infrastructure and providing public goods and services.

      • 4.2.2.d Examine the impact of regulatory agencies in different countries, such as, consumer behavior such as air traffic management and environmental protection.

    • 4.2.3 Describe the money and banking systems in various countries in the contemporary world.

      • 4.2.3.a Explain why a stable money and banking system is necessary for an economy to grow and prosper.

5 History

  • 5.1 Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires

    • 5.1.1 Analyze the growth and the development of nations in the contemporary world.

      • 5.1.1.a Describe the social, political and economic impacts of various world religions on a global society, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism.

      • 5.1.1.b Compare the effects of political and cultural changes in nations such as independence movements and democratic reforms.