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Skills available for Maryland fifth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1.0 Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.

2.0 Students will understand the diversity and commonality, human interdependence, and global cooperation of the people of Maryland, the United States and the World through both a multicultural and historic perspective.

3.0 Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.

4.0 Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.

  • A Scarcity and Economic Decision-making

    • 1 Explain that people made choices because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in Colonial America

      • a Identify the opportunity cost of economic decisions, such as whether or not to buy products on which British taxes were imposed

    • 2 Analyze how limited economic resources were used to satisfy economic wants in Colonial America

      • a Describe how limited resources and unlimited economic wants caused colonists to choose certain goods and services

      • b Describe how available resources affected specialization and trade

      • c Analyze how changing from a British colony to an independent nation affected economic resources, production, and economic wants

    • 3 Analyze how technological changes affected production and consumption in Colonial America

      • a Explain how the development of new products and new technologies affected the way people lived

      • b Examine how technology has changed production such as wheat/grist mills

    • 4 Analyze the consequences of specialized work on interdependence, trade, and economic growth

  • B Economic Systems and the Role of Government in the Economy

    • 1 Describe the types of economic systems in colonial America

    • 2 Describe the role of British government on the colonial economy

      • a Explain how colonists were forced to change their purchasing habits based on the scarcity of goods imposed by taxes

      • b Evaluate the trade-offs of British protectionism

    • 3 Describe the role of money and barter in the colonial trade

      • a Compare the benefits of a money economy to a barter economy

5.0 Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.

6.0 Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.