SS 8.1.2.b Describe the significance of patriotic symbols, songs and activities (e.g., Pledge of Allegiance, "The Star Spangled Banner", celebration of Memorial Day, Independence Day, Veteran's Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, American Indian Day, Constitution Day)
SS 8.1.2.c Demonstrate civic engagement (e.g., service learning projects, volunteerism)
SS 8.1.2.d Evaluate how cooperation and conflict among people have contributed to political, economic, and social events and situations in the United States
SS 8.1.2.e Identify the roles and influences of individuals, groups, and the media on governments (e.g., Seneca Falls Convention, Underground Railroad, Horace Greeley, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Jane Addams, Muckrackers, Booker T. Washington)
SS 8.3.1.b Use and interpret the results of mapping technologies, parts of a map and map projections (e.g., cartography/ Geographic Information Systems)
SS 8.3.1.c Compare world views using mental maps (e.g., students sketch a map to demonstrate their personal perception of the world and compare it to previous personal maps)
Places and Regions
SS 8.3.2 Students will examine how regions form and change over time.
SS 8.3.2.a Analyze physical and human characteristics of places and regions (e.g., climate, language)
SS 8.3.2.b Analyze impact of land and water features on human decisions (e.g., location of settlements and transportation systems with respect to the location of river valleys, mountains, deserts, plains, oceans)
SS 8.3.3 Students will investigate how natural processes interact to create and change the natural environment.
SS 8.3.3.a Compare and contrast various biomes/climates (e.g., rainforest, grasslands, forests)
SS 8.3.3.b Analyze the impact of natural events on biomes, climates and wind and water systems (e.g., rivers/floods/ precipitation/drought)
SS 8.3.3.c Use physical processes to explain patterns in the physical environment (e.g., volcanoes creating islands, faulting changing mountains, glaciation creating the Great Lakes)
SS 8.3.4 Students will analyze and interpret patterns of culture around the world.
SS 8.3.4.a Compare and contrast characteristics of groups of people/settlements (e.g., population density, distribution and growth, migration patterns, diffusion of people, places, and ideas, westward expansion of immigrants, Homestead Act)
SS 8.3.4.b Analyze purpose of population centers, (e.g., function of cities as providers of goods and services, economic activities and interdependence, trade and transportation)
SS 8.3.4.c Analyze and explain components and diffusion of cultures (e.g., religion-spread of various belief systems, popular culture, spread of fast food chains, language-spread of English, technology-adoption of agricultural advancements, railroads, people as carriers and physical and cultural barriers, expansion and relocation, hierarchical-expansion diffusion of fashion from Paris and London to Nebraska communities,)
SS 8.3.5.c Analyze issues related to the physical environment globally (e.g., water supply, air quality in cities, solid waste disposal, availability of arable land)
SS 8.3.5.d Examine world patterns of resource distribution and utilization (e.g., major source regions for coal, iron ore, oil, natural gas, and the major industrial regions in which they are utilized)
SS 8.3.5.e Identify and evaluate human adaptations to the environment from the local to the international levels (e.g., clothing, sewage systems, transportation systems, natural disasters, scarcity of resources)
Application of Geography to Issues and Events
SS 8.3.6 Students will analyze issues and/or events using geographic knowledge and skills to make informed decisions.
SS 8.3.6.a Analyze the physical or human geographic factors explaining the spatial pattern of world events. (e.g., water scarcity and conflict in the Middle East, contrasting demographic trends in developed and developing countries)
SS 8.3.6.b Describe and analyze the role of geographic factors in determining the spatial arrangement of humans and their activity (e.g., geographic concentration of manufacturing, banking, or high tech industries; urbanization; availability of arable land, water and suitable climate for farming; access to resources for development, surveying, mapping, public land survey system, drawing of state and county boundaries)
Students will develop and apply historical knowledge and skills to research, analyze, and understand key concepts of past, current, and potential issues and events at the local, state, national, and international levels.
United States: Colonial America to the Progressive Era
SS 8.4.1 (US) Students will analyze how major past and current US events are chronologically connected, and evaluate their impact(s) upon one another.
SS 8.4.1.a (US) Describe concepts of time and chronology (e.g., Three Worlds Meet, Colonial America, Establishing a Nation, Expansion and Reform, Civil War & Reconstruction, Industrialization)
SS 8.4.2 (US) Students will analyze the impact of people, events, ideas, and symbols upon US history using multiple types of sources.
SS 8.4.2.a (US) Analyze the impact of people, events, ideas, and symbols, including various cultures and ethnic groups, on history in the United States by era (e.g., Establishing a Nation: Revolutionary War: Founders and Founding Documents: unique nature of the creation and organization of the American Government, the United States as an exceptional nation based upon personal freedom, the inherent nature of citizens' rights, and democratic ideals, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and other historical figures, patriotism, national symbols; Expansion and Reform: land acquisition, Manifest Destiny, Standing Bear, Indian Removal Acts; Civil War/Reconstruction: Dred Scott, secession, acts and legislations, Civil War leaders; Industrialism: rise of corporations, growth of organized labor, assembly line, immigration; Transportation and Technology: Eli Whitney, John Deere, Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, George Washington Carver, Orville and Wilbur Wright)
SS 8.4.3 (US) Students will analyze and interpret historical and current events from multiple perspectives.
SS 8.4.3.a (US) Analyze and interpret how multiple perspectives facilitate the understanding of the full story of US history (e.g., Dawes Act, Chinese Exclusion Act, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, The Emancipation Proclamation, Organized Labor, Women's Suffrage)
SS 8.4.3.b (US) Compare and contrast primary and secondary sources to better understand multiple perspectives of the same event (e.g., The Bill of Rights, slavery, Gettysburg Address, The New Colossus Poem, images, political cartoons, photographs, newspapers)