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Skills available for New Jersey sixth-grade social studies standards

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6.1.8 U.S. History: America in the World by the End of Grade 8

  • Era 3. Revolution and the New Nation (1754–1820s)

    • 6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.a Cite evidence to evaluate the extent to which the leadership and decisions of early administrations of the national government met the goals established in the Constitution.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.b Evaluate the effectiveness of the fundamental principles of the Constitution (i.e., consent of the governed, rule of law, federalism, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights) in establishing a federal government that allows for growth and change over time.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.c Distinguish the powers and responsibilities of citizens, political parties, interest groups, and the media in a variety of governmental and nongovernmental contexts.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.d Use data and other evidence to determine the extent to which demographics influenced the debate on representation in Congress and federalism by examining the New Jersey and Virginia plans.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsPD.3.a Cite evidence to determine the role that compromise played in the creation and adoption of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsDP.3.a Use primary and secondary sources to assess whether or not the ideals found in the Declaration of Independence were fulfilled for women, African Americans, and Native Americans during this time period.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.a Explain how and why constitutional civil liberties were impacted by acts of government during the Early Republic (i.e., Alien and Sedition Acts).

    • 6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.b Evaluate the impact of the institution of slavery on the political and economic expansion of the United States.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.c Construct an argument to explain how the expansion of slavery violated human rights and contradicted American ideals.

    • 6.1.8.GeoSV.3.a Use maps and other geographic tools to construct an argument on the impact of geography on the developments and outcomes of the American Revolution including New Jersey's pivotal role.

    • 6.1.8.EconET.3.a Identify the effect of inflation and debt on the American people and evaluate the policies of state and national governments during this time.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.a Explain how the consequences of the Seven Years War, changes in British policies toward American colonies, and responses by various groups and individuals in the North American colonies led to the American Revolution.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.b Explain how political parties were formed and continue to be shaped by differing perspectives regarding the role and power of federal government.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.c Use geographic tools and resources to investigate how conflicts and alliances among European countries and Native American groups impacted the expansion of American territory.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.d Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution in terms of the decision-making powers of national government.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.a Use primary sources as evidence to explain why the Declaration of Independence was written and how its key principles evolved to become unifying ideas of American democracy.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.b Examine the roles and perspectives of various socioeconomic groups (e.g., rural farmers, urban craftsmen, northern merchants, and southern planters), African Americans, Native Americans, and women during the American Revolution, and determine how these groups were impacted by the war.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.c Analyze how the terms of the Treaty of Paris affected United States relations with Native Americans and with European powers that had territories in North America from multiple perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistorySE.3.a Analyze how the leadership of George Washington during the American Revolution and as president allowed for the establishment of American democracy.

    • 6.1.8.HistorySE.3.b Analyze a variety of sources to make evidence-based inferences about how prominent individuals and other nations contributed to the causes, execution, and outcomes of the American Revolution.

  • Era 4. Expansion and Reform (1801–1861)

    • 6.1.8.CivicsDP.4.a Research and prioritize the most significant events that led to the expansion of voting rights during the Jacksonian period.

    • 6.1.8.CivicsHR.4.a Examine sources from a variety of perspectives to describe efforts to reform education, women's rights, slavery, and other issues during the Antebellum period.

    • 6.1.8.GeoSV.4.a Map territorial expansion and settlement, highlighting the locations of conflicts with and resettlement of Native Americans.

    • 6.1.8.EconET.4.a Analyze the debates involving the National Bank, uniform currency, and tariffs, and determine the extent to which each of these economic tools met the economic challenges facing the new nation.

    • 6.1.8.EconET.4.b Assess the impact of the Louisiana Purchase and western exploration on the expansion and economic development of the United States.

    • 6.1.8.EconNE.4.a Explain how major technological developments revolutionized land and water transportation, as well as the economy, in New Jersey and the nation.

    • 6.1.8.EconNE.4.b Analyze how technological innovations affected the status and social class of different groups of people and explain the outcomes that resulted.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.a Explain the changes in America's relationships with other nations by analyzing policies, treaties, tariffs, and agreements.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.b Explain the growing resistance to slavery and New Jersey's role in the Underground Railroad.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.c Analyze how the concept of Manifest Destiny influenced the acquisition of land through annexation, diplomacy, and war.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.d Analyze the push-pull factors that led to increase in immigration and explain why ethnic and cultural conflicts resulted.

  • Era 5. Civil War and Reconstruction (1850–1877)

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.a Prioritize the causes and events that led to the Civil War from different perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.b Analyze critical events and battles of the Civil War from different perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.c Assess the human and material costs of the Civil War in the North and South.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.d Assess the role of various factors that affected the course and outcome of the Civil War (i.e., geography, natural resources, demographics, transportation, leadership, and technology).

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.e Compare and contrast the approaches of Congress and Presidents Lincoln and Johnson toward the reconstruction of the South.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.f Analyze the economic impact of Reconstruction on the South from different perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.g Construct an argument that prioritizes the causes and events that led to the Civil War using multiple sources from different perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.a Analyze the effectiveness of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution from multiple perspectives.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.b Examine the roles of women, African Americans, and Native Americans in the Civil War.

    • 6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.c Explain how and why the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address continue to impact American life.

6.2.8 World History / Global Studies by the end of Grade 8

6.3.8 Active Citizenship in the 21st Century by the End of Grade 8

  • 6.3.8.CivicsPI Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Civic and Political Institutions

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPI.1 Evaluate, take, and defend a position on why government is necessary, and the purposes government should serve.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPI.2 Evaluate the extent to which different forms of government reflect the history and values of various societies (e.g., monarchy, democracy, republic, dictatorship).

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPI.3 Use a variety of sources from multiple perspectives to examine the role of individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media in a local or global issue and share this information with a governmental or nongovernmental organization as a way to gain support for addressing the issue.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPI.4 Investigate the roles of political, civil, and economic organizations in shaping people's lives and share this information with individuals who might benefit from this information.

  • 6.3.8.CivicsPD Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Participation and Deliberation

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPD.1 Deliberate on a public issue affecting an upcoming election, consider opposing arguments, and develop a reasoned conclusion.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPD.2 Propose and defend a position regarding a public policy issue at the appropriate local, state, or national level.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPD.3 Construct a claim as to why it is important for democracy that individuals are informed by facts, aware of diverse viewpoints, and willing to take action on public issues.

  • 6.3.8.CivicsDP Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Democratic Principles

    • 6.3.8.CivicsDP.1 Identify an issue of inequality, develop multiple solutions, and communicate the best one to an appropriate government body.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsDP.2 Make a claim based on evidence to determine the extent and the limitations of First Amendment rights (e.g., U.S. Supreme Court decisions).

    • 6.3.8.CivicsDP.3 Use historical case studies and current events to explain why due process is essential for the protection of individual rights and maintenance of limited government.

  • 6.3.8.CivicsPR Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Processes, Rules and Laws

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.1 Analyze primary sources to explain how democratic ideas in the United States developed from the historical experiences of ancient societies, England, and the North American colonies.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of the fundamental principles of the Constitution (i.e., consent of the governed, rule of law, federalism, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights) in establishing a federal government that allows for growth and change over time.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.3 Take a position on an issue in which fundamental ideals and principles are in conflict (e.g., liberty, equality).

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.4 Use evidence and quantitative data to propose or defend a public policy related to climate change.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.5 Engage in simulated democratic processes (e.g., legislative hearings, judicial proceedings, elections) to understand how conflicting points of view are addressed in a democratic society.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.6 Seek the perspectives of multiple stakeholders with diverse points of view regarding a local budget issue and take a position on proposed policy.

    • 6.3.8.CivicsPR.7 Compare how ideas become laws at the local, state, and national level.

  • 6.3.8.CivicsHR Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Human and Civil Rights

    • 6.3.8.CivicsHR.1 Construct an argument as to the source of human rights and how they are best protected.

  • 6.3.8.EconET Economics, Innovation, and Technology: Economic Ways of Thinking

    • 6.3.8.EconET.1 Using quantitative data, evaluate the opportunity cost of a proposed economic action, and take a position and support it (e.g., healthcare, education, transportation).

    • 6.3.8.EconET.2 Assess the impact of government incentives and disincentives on the economy (e.g., patents, protection of private property, taxes).