6.1.8 U.S. History: America in the World by the End of Grade 8
Era 3. Revolution and the New Nation (1754–1820s)
6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.a Cite evidence to evaluate the extent to which the leadership and decisions of early administrations of the national government met the goals established in the Constitution.
6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.b Evaluate the effectiveness of the fundamental principles of the Constitution (i.e., consent of the governed, rule of law, federalism, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights) in establishing a federal government that allows for growth and change over time.
6.1.8.CivicsPI.3.d Use data and other evidence to determine the extent to which demographics influenced the debate on representation in Congress and federalism by examining the New Jersey and Virginia plans.
6.1.8.CivicsPD.3.a Cite evidence to determine the role that compromise played in the creation and adoption of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
6.1.8.CivicsDP.3.a Use primary and secondary sources to assess whether or not the ideals found in the Declaration of Independence were fulfilled for women, African Americans, and Native Americans during this time period.
6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.a Explain how and why constitutional civil liberties were impacted by acts of government during the Early Republic (i.e., Alien and Sedition Acts).
6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.b Evaluate the impact of the institution of slavery on the political and economic expansion of the United States.
6.1.8.CivicsHR.3.c Construct an argument to explain how the expansion of slavery violated human rights and contradicted American ideals.
6.1.8.GeoSV.3.a Use maps and other geographic tools to construct an argument on the impact of geography on the developments and outcomes of the American Revolution including New Jersey's pivotal role.
6.1.8.EconET.3.a Identify the effect of inflation and debt on the American people and evaluate the policies of state and national governments during this time.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.a Explain how the consequences of the Seven Years War, changes in British policies toward American colonies, and responses by various groups and individuals in the North American colonies led to the American Revolution.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.b Explain how political parties were formed and continue to be shaped by differing perspectives regarding the role and power of federal government.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.c Use geographic tools and resources to investigate how conflicts and alliances among European countries and Native American groups impacted the expansion of American territory.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.3.d Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution in terms of the decision-making powers of national government.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.a Use primary sources as evidence to explain why the Declaration of Independence was written and how its key principles evolved to become unifying ideas of American democracy.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.b Examine the roles and perspectives of various socioeconomic groups (e.g., rural farmers, urban craftsmen, northern merchants, and southern planters), African Americans, Native Americans, and women during the American Revolution, and determine how these groups were impacted by the war.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.3.c Analyze how the terms of the Treaty of Paris affected United States relations with Native Americans and with European powers that had territories in North America from multiple perspectives.
6.1.8.HistorySE.3.a Analyze how the leadership of George Washington during the American Revolution and as president allowed for the establishment of American democracy.
6.1.8.HistorySE.3.b Analyze a variety of sources to make evidence-based inferences about how prominent individuals and other nations contributed to the causes, execution, and outcomes of the American Revolution.
Era 4. Expansion and Reform (1801–1861)
6.1.8.CivicsDP.4.a Research and prioritize the most significant events that led to the expansion of voting rights during the Jacksonian period.
6.1.8.CivicsHR.4.a Examine sources from a variety of perspectives to describe efforts to reform education, women's rights, slavery, and other issues during the Antebellum period.
6.1.8.GeoSV.4.a Map territorial expansion and settlement, highlighting the locations of conflicts with and resettlement of Native Americans.
6.1.8.EconET.4.a Analyze the debates involving the National Bank, uniform currency, and tariffs, and determine the extent to which each of these economic tools met the economic challenges facing the new nation.
6.1.8.EconET.4.b Assess the impact of the Louisiana Purchase and western exploration on the expansion and economic development of the United States.
6.1.8.EconNE.4.a Explain how major technological developments revolutionized land and water transportation, as well as the economy, in New Jersey and the nation.
6.1.8.EconNE.4.b Analyze how technological innovations affected the status and social class of different groups of people and explain the outcomes that resulted.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.a Explain the changes in America's relationships with other nations by analyzing policies, treaties, tariffs, and agreements.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.b Explain the growing resistance to slavery and New Jersey's role in the Underground Railroad.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.c Analyze how the concept of Manifest Destiny influenced the acquisition of land through annexation, diplomacy, and war.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.4.d Analyze the push-pull factors that led to increase in immigration and explain why ethnic and cultural conflicts resulted.
Era 5. Civil War and Reconstruction (1850–1877)
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.a Prioritize the causes and events that led to the Civil War from different perspectives.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.b Analyze critical events and battles of the Civil War from different perspectives.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.c Assess the human and material costs of the Civil War in the North and South.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.d Assess the role of various factors that affected the course and outcome of the Civil War (i.e., geography, natural resources, demographics, transportation, leadership, and technology).
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.e Compare and contrast the approaches of Congress and Presidents Lincoln and Johnson toward the reconstruction of the South.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.f Analyze the economic impact of Reconstruction on the South from different perspectives.
6.1.8.HistoryCC.5.g Construct an argument that prioritizes the causes and events that led to the Civil War using multiple sources from different perspectives.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.a Analyze the effectiveness of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution from multiple perspectives.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.b Examine the roles of women, African Americans, and Native Americans in the Civil War.
6.1.8.HistoryUP.5.c Explain how and why the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address continue to impact American life.
6.2.8 World History / Global Studies by the end of Grade 8
Era 1. The Beginnings of Human Society
6.2.8.GeoPP.1.a Compare and contrast the social organization, natural resources, and land use of early hunters/gatherers and those who lived in early agrarian societies.
6.2.8.GeoSV.2.a Compare and contrast physical and political maps of early river valley civilizations and their modern counterparts and determine the geopolitical impact of these civilizations, then and now (i.e., Mesopotamia and Iraq; Ancient Egypt and Modern Egypt; Indus River Valley and Modern Pakistan/India; Ancient China and Modern China).
Era 3. The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China (1000 BCE–600 CE)
6.2.8.CivicsPI.3.a Compare and contrast the methods (i.e., autocratic rule, philosophies, and bureaucratic structures) used by the rulers of Rome, China, and India to control and unify their expanding empires.
6.2.8.CivicsDP.3.a Compare and contrast the American legal system with the legal systems of classical civilizations and determine the extent to which these early systems influenced our current legal system (e.g., Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, Roman Justinian Code, Israelite Jewish Law).
6.2.8.GeoPP.3.a Use geographic models to describe how the availability of natural resources influenced the development of the political, economic, and cultural systems of each of the classical civilizations and provided motivation for expansion.
6.2.8.EconGE.3.a Explain how classical civilizations used technology and innovation to enhance agricultural/ manufacturing output and commerce, to expand military capabilities, to improve life in urban areas, and to allow for greater division of labor.
6.2.8.HistoryCC.3.a Determine the extent to which religion, economic issues, and conflict shaped the values and decisions of the classical civilizations.
6.2.8.HistoryUP.3.b Compare the status of groups in the Ancient World to those of people today and evaluate how individuals perceived the principles of liberty and equality then and now (i.e., political, economic, and social).
6.2.8.HistoryUP.3.c Compare and contrast the tenets of various world religions that developed in or around this time period (i.e., Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, and Taoism), their patterns of expansion, and their responses to the current challenges of globalization.
6.2.8.CivicsDP.4.a Cite evidence of the influence of medieval English legal and constitutional practices on modern democratic thought and institutions (i.e., the Magna Carta, parliament, the development of habeas corpus, and an independent judiciary).
6.2.8.GeoHP.4.b Assess how maritime and overland trade routes impacted urbanization, transportation, communication, and the development of international trade centers (i.e., the African caravan and Silk Road).
6.2.8.HistoryCC.4.b Explain how and why the interrelationships among improved agricultural production, population growth, urbanization, and commercialization led to the rise of powerful states and kingdoms (i.e., Europe, Asia, Americas).
6.2.8.HistoryCC.4.d Analyze the causes and outcomes of the Crusades from different perspectives, including the perspectives of European political and religious leaders, the crusaders, Jews, Muslims, and traders.
6.2.8.HistoryCC.4.f Analyze the role of religion and economics in shaping each empire's social hierarchy and evaluate the impact these hierarchical structures had on the lives of various groups of people.
6.3.8 Active Citizenship in the 21st Century by the End of Grade 8
6.3.8.CivicsPI Civics, Government, and Human Rights: Civic and Political Institutions
6.3.8.CivicsPI.1 Evaluate, take, and defend a position on why government is necessary, and the purposes government should serve.
6.3.8.CivicsPI.2 Evaluate the extent to which different forms of government reflect the history and values of various societies (e.g., monarchy, democracy, republic, dictatorship).
6.3.8.CivicsPI.3 Use a variety of sources from multiple perspectives to examine the role of individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media in a local or global issue and share this information with a governmental or nongovernmental organization as a way to gain support for addressing the issue.
6.3.8.CivicsPI.4 Investigate the roles of political, civil, and economic organizations in shaping people's lives and share this information with individuals who might benefit from this information.
6.3.8.CivicsPR.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of the fundamental principles of the Constitution (i.e., consent of the governed, rule of law, federalism, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights) in establishing a federal government that allows for growth and change over time.
6.3.8.CivicsPR.3 Take a position on an issue in which fundamental ideals and principles are in conflict (e.g., liberty, equality).
6.3.8.CivicsPR.4 Use evidence and quantitative data to propose or defend a public policy related to climate change.
6.3.8.CivicsPR.5 Engage in simulated democratic processes (e.g., legislative hearings, judicial proceedings, elections) to understand how conflicting points of view are addressed in a democratic society.
6.3.8.CivicsPR.6 Seek the perspectives of multiple stakeholders with diverse points of view regarding a local budget issue and take a position on proposed policy.
6.3.8.CivicsPR.7 Compare how ideas become laws at the local, state, and national level.