New Mexico

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Skills available for New Mexico fourth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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I Scientific Thinking and Practice

  • I Understand the processes of scientific investigations and use inquiry and scientific ways of observing, experimenting, predicting, and validating to think critically.

    • I Use scientific methods to observe, collect, record, analyze, predict, interpret, and determine reasonableness of data.

      • 1 Use instruments to perform investigations (e.g., timers, balances) and communicate findings.

      • 2 Differentiate observation from interpretation and understand that a scientific explanation comes in part from what is observed and in part from how the observation is interpreted.

      • 3 Conduct multiple trials to test a prediction, draw logical conclusions, and construct and interpret graphs from measurements.

      • 4 Collect data in an investigation using multiple techniques, including control groups, and analyze those data to determine what other investigations could be conducted to validate findings.

    • II Use scientific thinking and knowledge and communicate findings.

      • 1 Communicate ideas and present findings about scientific investigations that are open to critique from others.

      • 2 Describe how scientific investigations may differ from one another (e.g., observations of nature, measurements of things changing over time).

      • 3 Understand how data are used to explain how a simple system functions (e.g., a thermometer to measure heat loss as water cools).

    • III Use mathematical skills and vocabulary to analyze data, understand patterns, and relationships, and communicate findings.

II Content of Science

  • I Understand the structure and properties of matter, the characteristics of energy, and the interactions between matter and energy.

    • I Recognize that matter has different forms and properties.

      • 1 Know that changes to matter may be chemical or physical and when two or more substances are combined, a new substance may be formed with properties that are different from those of the original substances (e.g., white glue and borax, cornstarch and water, vinegar and baking soda).

      • 2 Know that materials are made up of small particles (atoms and molecules) that are too small to see with the naked eye.

      • 3 Know that the mass of the same amount of material remains constant whether it is together, in parts, or in a different state.

    • II Know that energy is needed to get things done and that energy has different forms.

      • 1 Identify the characteristics of several different forms of energy and describe how energy can be converted from one form to another (e.g., light to heat, motion to heat, electricity to heat, light, or motion).

      • 2 Recognize that energy can be stored in many ways (e.g., potential energy in gravity or springs, chemical energy in batteries).

      • 3 Describe how some waves move through materials (e.g., water, sound) and how others can move through a vacuum (e.g., x-ray, television, radio).

      • 4 Demonstrate how electricity flows through a simple circuit (e.g., by constructing one).

    • III Identify forces and describe the motion of objects.

      • 1 Know that energy can be carried from one place to another by waves (e.g., water waves, sound waves), by electric currents, and by moving objects.

      • 2 Describe the motion of an object by measuring its change of position over a period of time.

      • 3 Describe that gravity exerts more force on objects with greater mass (e.g., it takes more force to hold up a heavy object than a lighter one).

      • 4 Describe how some forces act on contact and other forces act at a distance (e.g., a person pushing a rock versus gravity acting on a rock).

  • II II Life Science: Understand the properties, structures, and processes of living things and the interdependence of living things and their environments.

  • III Understand the structure of Earth, the solar system, and the universe, the interconnections among them, and the processes and interactions of Earth's systems.

    • I Know the structure of the solar system and the objects in the universe.

      • 1 Understand that the number of stars visible through a telescope is much greater than the number visible to the naked eye.

      • 2 Know that there are various types of telescopes that use different forms of light to observe distant objects in the sky.

      • 3 Know that the pattern of stars (e.g., constellations) stays the same although they appear to move across the sky nightly due to Earth's rotation.

    • II Know the structure and formation of Earth and its atmosphere and the processes that shape them.

III Science and Society

  • I Understand how scientific discoveries, inventions, practices, and knowledge influence, and are influenced by, individuals and societies.

    • I Describe how science influences decisions made by individuals and societies.

      • 1 Know that science has identified substances called pollutants that get into the environment and can be harmful to living things.

      • 2 Know that, through science and technology, a wide variety of materials not appearing in nature have become available (e.g., steel, plastic, nylon, fiber optics).

      • 3 Know that science has created ways to store and retrieve information (e.g., paper and ink, printing press, computers, CD ROMs) but that these are not perfect (e.g., faulty programming, defective hardware).

      • 4 Know that both men and women of all races and social backgrounds choose science as a career.