I Students are able to identify important people and events in order to analyze significant patterns, relationships, themes, ideas, beliefs, and turning points in New Mexico, United States, and world history in order to understand the complexity of the human experience.
I-A Describe how contemporary and historical people and events have influenced New Mexico communities and regions
1 Identify important issues, events, and individuals from New Mexico pre-history to the present.
2 Describe the role of contemporary figures and how their contributions and perspectives are creating impact in New Mexico.
I-B Understand connections among historical events, people, and symbols significant to United States history and cultures.
1 Describe local events and their connections and relationships to national history.
I-C Students will identify and describe similar historical characteristics of the United States and its neighboring countries.
1 Explain how historical events, people, and culture influence present day Canada, Mexico, and the United States (e.g., food, art, shelter, language).
3 Understand how visual data (e.g., maps, graphs, diagrams, tables, charts) organizes and presents geographic information.
II-D Understand how physical processes shape the Earth's surface patterns and biosystems.
1 Explain how the Earth-Sun relationships produce day and night, seasons, major climatic variations, and cause the need for time zones.
2 Describe the four provinces (plains, mountains, plateau, and basin and range) that make up New Mexico's land surface (geographic conditions).
II-E Describe how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, and their interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.
1 Describe how cultures change.
2 Describe how geographic factors influence the location and distribution of economic activities.
3 Describe types and patterns of settlements.
4 Identify the causes of human migration.
5 Describe how and why people create boundaries and describe types of boundaries.
II-F Describe how natural and man-made changes affect the meaning, use, distribution, and value of resources.
1 Identify the distributions of natural and man-made resources in New Mexico, the Southwest, and the United States.
Civics and Government
III Students understand the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship and understand the content and history of the founding documents of the United States with particular emphasis on the United States and New Mexico constitutions and how governments function at local, state, tribal, and national levels.
III-A Know the fundamental purposes, concepts, structures, and functions of local, state, tribal, and national governments.
1 Explain how the organization of New Mexico's government changed during its early history.
2 Compare how the State of New Mexico serves national interests and the interests of New Mexicans.
3 Explain the difference between making laws, carrying out the laws, and determining if the laws have been broken, and identify the government bodies that perform these functions at the local, state, tribal, and national levels.
III-B Identify and describe the symbols, icons, songs, traditions, and leaders of local, state, tribal, and national levels that exemplify ideals and provide continuity and a sense of community across time.
1 Describe various cultures and the communities they represent, and explain how they have evolved over time.
III-C Become familiar with the basic purposes of government in New Mexico and the United States.
1 Compare and contrast how the various governments have applied rules/laws, majority rule, "public good," and protections of the minority in different periods of New Mexico's history.
III-D Understand rights and responsibilities of "good citizenship" as members of a family, school and community.
1 Explain the difference between rights and responsibilities, why we have rules and laws, and the role of citizenship in promoting them.
IV Students understand basic economic principles and use economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy) on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.
IV-A Understand that individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions that affect the distribution of resources and that these decisions are influenced by incentives (both economic and intrinsic).
1 Understand when choices are made that those choices impose "opportunity costs."