PS1.A.1 Matter of any type can be subdivided into particles that are too small to see, but even then the matter still exists and can be detected by other means. A model showing that gases are made from matter particles that are too small to see and are moving freely around in space can explain many observations, including the inflation and shape of a balloon and the effects of air on larger particles or objects.
3 Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
3.1 Natural objects exist from the very small to the immensely large.
5-PS1-2 Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved.
PS1.A.3 Measurements of a variety of properties can be used to identify materials. (Boundary: At this grade level, mass and weight are not distinguished, and no attempt is made to define the unseen particles or explain the atomic-scale mechanism of evaporation and condensation.)
LS2.A.1 The food of almost any kind of animal can be traced back to plants. Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants. Some organisms, such as fungi and bacteria, break down dead organisms (both plants or plants parts and animals) and therefore operate as "decomposers." Decomposition eventually restores (recycles) some materials back to the soil. Organisms can survive only in environments in which their particular needs are met. A healthy ecosystem is one in which multiple species of different types are each able to meet their needs in a relatively stable web of life. Newly introduced species can damage the balance of an ecosystem.
LS2.B Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems
LS2.B.1 Matter cycles between the air and soil and among plants, animals, and microbes as these organisms live and die. Organisms obtain gases, and water, from the environment, and release waste matter (gas, liquid, or solid) back into the environment.
5-ESS1-2 Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.
4 Analyzing and Interpreting Data
4.a Represent data in graphical displays (bar graphs, pictographs and/or pie charts) to reveal patterns that indicate relationships.
ESS1.B Earth and the Solar System
ESS1.B.1 The orbits of Earth around the sun and of the moon around Earth, together with the rotation of Earth about an axis between its North and South poles, cause observable patterns. These include day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the sun, moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year.
1.1 Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort, classify, communicate and analyze simple rates of change for natural phenomena.
5-ESS2 Earth's Systems
5-ESS2-1 Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
2 Developing and Using Models
2.c Develop a model using an example to describe a scientific principle.
ESS2.A.1 Earth's major systems are the geosphere (solid and molten rock, soil, and sediments), the hydrosphere (water and ice), the atmosphere (air), and the biosphere (living things, including humans). These systems interact in multiple ways to affect Earth's surface materials and processes. The ocean supports a variety of ecosystems and organisms, shapes landforms, and influences climate. Winds and clouds in the atmosphere interact with the landforms to determine patterns of weather.
8 Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
8.d Obtain and combine information from books and/or other reliable media to explain phenomena or solutions to a design problem.
ESS3.C Human Impacts on Earth Systems
ESS3.C.1 Human activities in agriculture, industry, and everyday life have had major effects on the land, vegetation, streams, ocean, air, and even outer space. But individuals and communities are doing things to help protect Earth's resources and environments.
4.2 A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.
5-SS Science and Society
5-SS-1 NM Communicate information gathered from books, reliable media, or outside sources, that describes how a variety of scientists and engineers across New Mexico have improved existing technologies, developed new ones, or improved society through applications of science.
8 Obtaining, Evaluating and Communicating Information
8.a Read and comprehend grade-appropriate complex texts and/or other reliable media to summarize and obtain scientific and technical ideas and describe how they are supported by evidence.
ETS2.A Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology
ETS2.A Advances in science offer new capabilities, new materials, or new understanding of processes that can be applied through engineering to produce advances in technology.
ETS2.A Advances in technology, in turn, provide scientists with new capabilities to probe the natural world at larger or smaller scales; to record, manage, and analyze data; and to model ever more complex systems with greater precision.
ETS2.A In addition, engineers' efforts to develop or improve technologies often raise new questions for scientists' investigation.
2.1.3 Science is a Human Endeavor
18.104.22.168 Men and women from all cultures and backgrounds choose careers as scientists and engineers.
22.214.171.124 Most scientists and engineers work in teams.
126.96.36.199 Science affects everyday life.
188.8.131.52 Creativity and imagination are important to science.
2.1.1 Science is a Way of Knowing
184.108.40.206 Science is both a body of knowledge and processes that add new knowledge.
220.127.116.11 Science is a way of knowing that is used by many people.