NCES.6.H.1 Use historical thinking to understand the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions over time.
NCES.6.H.1.1 Construct charts, graphs, and historical narratives to explain particular events or issues over time.
NCES.6.H.1.2 Summarize the literal meaning of historical documents in order to establish context.
NCES.6.H.1.3 Use primary and secondary sources to interpret various historical perspectives.
NCES.6.H.2 Understand the political, economic and/or social significance of historical events, issues, individuals and cultural groups.
NCES.6.H.2.1 Explain how invasions, conquests, and migrations affected various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g. Mongol invasion, The Crusades, the Peopling of the Americas and Alexander the Great).
NCES.6.G.1 Understand geographic factors that influenced the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions over time (i.e. Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas).
NCES.6.G.1.1 Explain how the physical features and human characteristics of a place influenced the development of civilizations, societies and regions (e.g. location near rivers and natural barriers, trading practices and spread of culture).
NCES.6.G.1.2 Explain the factors that influenced the movement of people, goods, and ideas and the effects of that movement on societies and regions over time (e.g. scarcity of resources, conquests, desire for wealth, disease and trade).
NCES.6.G.1.4 Explain how and why civilizations, societies and regions have used, modified and adapted to their environments (e.g. invention of tools, domestication of plants and animals, farming techniques and creation of dwellings).
NCES.6.G.2.2 Construct maps, charts and graphs to explain data about geographic phenomena (e.g. migration patterns and population and resource distribution patterns).
Economics and Financial Literacy
NCES.6.EC.1 Understand how the physical environment and human interaction affected the economic activities of various civilizations, societies and regions.
NCES.6.EC.1.1 Explain how conflict, compromise, and negotiation over the availability of resources (natural, human and capital) impacted the economic development of various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g. competition for scarce resources, unequal distribution of wealth and the emergence of powerful trading networks).
NCES.6.EC.1.2 Explain how quality of life is impacted by economic choices of civilizations, societies and regions.
Civics and Governance
NCES.6.C&G.1 Understand the development of government in various civilizations, societies and regions.
NCES.6.C&G.1.1 Explain the origins and structures of various governmental systems (e.g. democracy, absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy).
NCES.6.C&G.1.2 Summarize the ideas that shaped political thought in various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g. divine right, equality, liberty, citizen participation and integration of religious principles).
NCES.6.C&G.1.3 Compare the requirements for (e.g. age, gender and status) and responsibilities of (e.g. paying taxes and military service) citizenship under various governments.
NCES.6.C&G.1.4 Compare the role (e.g. maintain order and enforce societal values and beliefs) and evolution of laws and legal systems (e.g. need for and changing nature of codified system of laws and punishment) in various civilizations, societies and regions.
NCES.6.C.1.3 Summarize systems of social structure within various civilizations and societies over time (e.g. Roman class structure, Indian caste system and feudal, matrilineal and patrilineal societies).