7.N.2 Calculate with integers and rational numbers, with and without positive integer exponents, to solve real-world and mathematical problems; explain the relationship between absolute value of a rational number and the distance of that number from zero.
7.N.2.1 Estimate solutions to multiplication and division of integers in order to assess the reasonableness of results.
7.N.2.3 Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of rational numbers; use efficient and generalizable procedures including but not limited to standard algorithms.
7.A.1 Understand the concept of proportionality in real-world and mathematical situations, and distinguish between proportional and other relationships.
7.A.1.1 Describe that the relationship between two variables, x and y, is proportional if it can be expressed in the form y/x = kx; distinguish proportional relationships from other relationships, including inversely proportional relationships (xy = k or y = k/x).
7.A.2 Recognize proportional relationships in real-world and mathematical situations; represent these and other relationships with tables, verbal descriptions, symbols, and graphs; solve problems involving proportional relationships and interpret results in the original context.
7.A.2.1 Represent proportional relationships with tables, verbal descriptions, symbols, and graphs; translate from one representation to another. Determine and compare the unit rate (constant of proportionality, slope, or rate of change) given any of these representations.
7.A.2.2 Solve multi-step problems involving proportional relationships involving distance-time, percent increase or decrease, discounts, tips, unit pricing, similar figures, and other real-world and mathematical situations.
7.A.4 Use order of operations and properties of operations to generate equivalent numerical and algebraic expressions containing rational numbers and grouping symbols; evaluate such expressions.
7.A.4.1 Use properties of operations (limited to associative, commutative, and distributive) to generate equivalent numerical and algebraic expressions containing rational numbers, grouping symbols and whole number exponents.
7.GM.1 Develop and understand the concept of surface area and volume of rectangular prisms.
7.GM.1.1 Using a variety of tools and strategies, develop the concept that surface area of a rectangular prism with rational-valued edge lengths can be found by wrapping the figure with same-sized square units without gaps or overlap. Use appropriate measurements such as cm².
7.GM.1.2 Using a variety of tools and strategies, develop the concept that the volume of rectangular prisms with rational-valued edge lengths can be found by counting the total number of same-sized unit cubes that fill a shape without gaps or overlaps. Use appropriate measurements such as cm³.
7.GM.3 Use reasoning with proportions and ratios to determine measurements, justify formulas, and solve real-world and mathematical problems involving circles and related geometric figures.
7.GM.3.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the proportional relationship between the diameter and circumference of a circle and that the unit rate (constant of proportionality) is π and can be approximated by rational numbers such as 22/7 and 3.14.
7.GM.3.2 Calculate the circumference and area of circles to solve problems in various contexts, in terms of π and using approximations for π.
7.D.1 Display and analyze data in a variety of ways.
7.D.1.1 Design simple experiments, collect data and calculate measures of central tendency (mean, median, and mode) and spread (range). Use these quantities to draw conclusions about the data collected and make predictions.
7.D.1.2 Use reasoning with proportions to display and interpret data in circle graphs (pie charts) and histograms. Choose the appropriate data display and know how to create the display using a spreadsheet or other graphing technology.
7.D.2 Calculate probabilities and reason about probabilities using proportions to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
7.D.2.1 Determine the theoretical probability of an event using the ratio between the size of the event and the size of the sample space; represent probabilities as percents, fractions and decimals between 0 and 1.