A1.ACE.1 Create and solve equations and inequalities in one variable that model real-world problems involving linear, quadratic, simple rational, and exponential relationships. Interpret the solutions and determine whether they are reasonable. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential with integer exponents.)
A1.ACE.2 Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Graph the equations on coordinate axes using appropriate labels, units, and scales. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential with integer exponents; direct and indirect variation.)
A1.AREI.4 Solve mathematical and real-world problems involving quadratic equations in one variable.
A1.AREI.4.a Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x - h)² = k that has the same solutions. Derive the quadratic formula from this form.
A1.AREI.4.b Solve quadratic equations by inspection, taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a + bi for real numbers a and b. (Limit to non-complex roots.)
A1.AREI.11 Solve an equation of the form f(x) = g(x) graphically by identifying the x - coordinate(s) of the point(s) of intersection of the graphs of y = f(x) and y = g(x). (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential.)
A1.ASE.1 Interpret the meanings of coefficients, factors, terms, and expressions based on their real-world contexts. Interpret complicated expressions as being composed of simpler expressions. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential.)
A1.ASE.3 Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.
A1.ASE.3.a Find the zeros of a quadratic function by rewriting it in equivalent factored form and explain the connection between the zeros of the function, its linear factors, the x-intercepts of its graph, and the solutions to the corresponding quadratic equation.
A1.FBF.3 Describe the effect of the transformations kf(x), f(x) + k, f(x + k), and combinations of such transformations on the graph of y = f(x) for any real number k. Find the value of k given the graphs and write the equation of a transformed parent function given its graph. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential with integer exponents; vertical shift and vertical stretch.)
A1.FIF.2 Evaluate functions and interpret the meaning of expressions involving function notation from a mathematical perspective and in terms of the context when the function describes a real-world situation.
A1.FIF.4 Interpret key features of a function that models the relationship between two quantities when given in graphical or tabular form. Sketch the graph of a function from a verbal description showing key features. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, constant, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior and periodicity. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential.)
A1.FIF.6 Given a function in graphical, symbolic, or tabular form, determine the average rate of change of the function over a specified interval. Interpret the meaning of the average rate of change in a given context. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential.)
A1.FIF.7 Graph functions from their symbolic representations. Indicate key features including intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior and periodicity. Graph simple cases by hand and use technology for complicated cases. (Limit to linear; quadratic; exponential only in the form y = ax + k.)
A1.FLQE.1 Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions or exponential functions by recognizing situations in which one quantity changes at a constant rate per unit interval as opposed to those in which a quantity changes by a constant percent rate per unit interval.
A1.FLQE.1.a Prove that linear functions grow by equal differences over equal intervals and that exponential functions grow by equal factors over equal intervals.
A1.FLQE.2 Create symbolic representations of linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given graphs, verbal descriptions, and tables. (Limit to linear; exponential.)
A1.NRNS.3 Explain why the sum or product of rational numbers is rational; that the sum of a rational number and an irrational number is irrational; and that the product of a nonzero rational number and an irrational number is irrational.
A1.SPID.6 Using technology, create scatterplots and analyze those plots to compare the fit of linear, quadratic, or exponential models to a given data set. Select the appropriate model, fit a function to the data set, and use the function to solve problems in the context of the data.