MS-LS1-5 Explain that the body is a system comprised of subsystems that maintain equilibrium and support life through digestion, respiration, excretion, circulation, sensation (nervous and integumentary), and locomotion (musculoskeletal).
MS-LS1-6 Develop an argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to explain how behavioral and structural adaptations in animals and plants affect the probability of survival and reproductive success.
MS-LS1-7 Evaluate and communicate evidence that compares and contrasts the advantages and disadvantages of sexual and asexual reproduction.
MS-LS1-8 Construct an explanation demonstrating that the function of mitosis for multicellular organisms is for growth and repair through the production of genetically identical daughter cells.
MS-LS1-9 Construct a scientific explanation based on compiled evidence for the processes of photosynthesis, cellular respiration, and anaerobic respiration in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.
MS-LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
MS-LS2-1 Develop a model to depict the cycling of matter, including carbon and oxygen, including the flow of energy among biotic and abiotic parts of an ecosystem.
MS-LS3 Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
MS-LS3-1 Hypothesize that the impact of structural changes to genes (i.e., mutations) located on chromosomes may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.
MS-LS3-2 Distinguish between mitosis and meiosis and compare the resulting daughter cells.
MS-LS3-3 Predict the probability of individual dominant and recessive alleles to be transmitted from each parent to offspring during sexual reproduction and represent the phenotypic and genotypic patterns using ratios.
MS-ESS3-2 Engage in a scientific argument through graphing and translating data regarding human activity and climate.
MS-ETS2 Links Among Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science
MS-ETS2-1 Examine a problem from the medical field pertaining to biomaterials and design a solution taking into consideration the criteria, constraints, and relevant scientific principles of the problem that may limit possible solutions.