10.10.3 The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts. a) Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and cognates to understand complex words. b) Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases. c) Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation. d) Identify the meaning of common idioms. e) Identify literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text. f) Extend general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, reading, and writing. g) Use knowledge of the evolution, diversity, and effects of language to comprehend and elaborate the meaning of texts.
10.10.3.A use word structure to analyze and relate words.
10.10.3.8 consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses, both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage.
10.10.4 The student will read, comprehend, and analyze literary texts of different cultures and eras. a) Identify main and supporting ideas. b) Make predictions, draw inferences, and connect prior knowledge to support reading comprehension. c) Explain similarities and differences of techniques and literary forms represented in the literature of different cultures and eras. d) Analyze the cultural or social function of literature. e) Identify universal themes prevalent in the literature of different cultures. f) Examine a literary selection from several critical perspectives. g) Explain the influence of historical context on the form, style, and point of view of a literary text. h) Evaluate how an author's specific word choices, syntax, tone, and voice shape the intended meaning of the text, achieve specific effects and support the author's purpose. i) Compare and contrast literature from different cultures and eras. j) Distinguish between a critique and a summary. k) Compare and contrast how rhyme, rhythm, sound, imagery, style, form, and other literary devices convey a message and elicit a reader's emotions. l) Compare and contrast character development in a play to characterization in other literary forms. m) Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
10.10.4.A understand that poets use techniques to evoke emotion in the reader.
10.10.4.B understand that literature is universal and influenced by different cultures and eras.
10.10.4.C analyze how an author achieves specific effects and purposes using literary devices and figurative language (e.g., understatement, mood, allusion, allegory, paradox, irony, tone).
10.10.4.D analyze a case in which a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, irony, sarcasm, understatement).
10.10.4.E evaluate how asides, monologues, and soliloquies focus on single characters, giving insight into their thinking and providing the audience with a deeper understanding of the play.
10.10.4.F understand rhyme, rhythm, and sound elements.
10.10.4.G understand techniques poets use to evoke emotion in the reader.
10.10.4.H demonstrate understanding of selected poems.
10.10.4.1 construct meaning from text by making connections between what they already know and the new information they read.
10.10.4.2 use reading strategies to improve comprehension and to achieve the purposes for reading: predicting and adjusting predictions; questioning the text; restating main ideas and summarizing supporting details; and close reading.
10.10.4.3 compare and contrast a variety of literary works from different cultures and eras, including:
10.10.4.3.a short stories;
10.10.4.3.e essays; and
10.10.4.3.f narrative nonfiction.
10.10.4.4 explain similarities and differences among literary genres from different cultures, such as:
10.10.4.4.f graphic novels; and
10.10.4.4.g short stories.
10.10.4.5 analyze the different functions that characters play in a literary text (e.g., antagonist, protagonist, foil, tragic hero).
10.10.4.6 analyze how relationships among a character's actions, dialogue, physical attributes, thoughts, feelings, and other characters reveal nuances of character (e.g., beliefs, values, social class, and gender roles) and advance the plot.
10.10.4.14 interpret and paraphrase the meanings of selected poems.
10.10.4.15 analyze the use of dialogue, special effects, music, and set to interpret characters.
10.10.4.16 identify and describe dramatic conventions.
10.10.5 The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate nonfiction texts. a) Identify text organization and structure. b) Recognize an author's intended audience and purpose for writing. c) Skim manuals or informational sources to locate information. d) Compare and contrast informational texts. e) Interpret and use data and information in maps, charts, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams. f) Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support as evidence. g) Analyze and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge. h) Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension.
10.10.5.A understand that background knowledge may be necessary to understand handbooks and manuals.
10.10.5.B know that informational and technical writing is often non-linear, fragmented, and graphic-supported.
10.10.5.C understand how format and style in informational text differ from those in narrative and expository texts.
10.10.5.D understand reading strategies and in particular, how they are used to locate specific information in informational text.
10.10.5.1 identify the different formats and purposes of informational and technical texts.