12.3 The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts. a) Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and cognates to understand complex words. b) Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases. c) Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation. d) Identify the meaning of common idioms, literary and classical allusions in text. e) Expand general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, reading, and writing. f) Use knowledge of the evolution, diversity, and effects of language to comprehend and elaborate the meaning of texts.
12.3.A use word structure to analyze and relate words.
12.3.8 consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage.