1 The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.
1.1 Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.
1.1.1 Ideals & Principles
Understands the key ideals of unity and diversity.
1.1.2 Application of Ideals & Principles
Understands and applies the key ideals of unity and diversity within the context of the community.
1.2 Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.
1.2.1 Structure of Government
1.2.2 Function of Government
1.4 Understands civic involvement.
1.4.1 Civic Involvement
2 The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.
2.1 Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.
Understands how the economic systems of groups are influenced by laws, values, and customs.
2.3 Understands the government's role in the economy.
2.3.1 Government and the Economy
2.4 Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.
2.4.1 Economic Issues
3 The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.
3.1 Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.
3.1.1 Maps and Geographic Tools
Understands and applies how maps and globes are used to display the regions of North America in the past and present.
3.2 Understands human interaction with the environment.
3.2.1 Human-Environmental Interaction
Understands how the environment affects cultural groups and how cultural groups affect the environment.
Understands the cultural universals of place, time, family life, economics, communication, arts, recreation, food, clothing, shelter, transportation, government, and education.
3.2.3 Human Migration
3.3 Understands the geographic context of global issues and events.
3.3.1 Geographic Context of Global Issues
Explains that learning about the geography of North America helps us understand cultures from around the world.
4 The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.