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Skills available for Washington eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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EALR 1 The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

  • 1.1 Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.

    • 1.1.1 Understands key ideals and principles outlined in the Declaration of Independence, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the U.S. Constitution, including the rule of law, separation of powers, representative government, and popular sovereignty, and the Bill of Rights, including due process and freedom of expression.

    • 1.1.2 Evaluates efforts to reduce discrepancies between key ideals and reality in the United States including:

      • How amendments to the Constitution have sought to extend rights to new groups.

      • How key ideals and constitutional principles set forth in fundamental documents relate to public issues.

  • 1.2 Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.

  • 1.3 Understands the purposes and organization of international relationships and U.S. foreign policy.

  • 1.4 Understands civic involvement.

    • 1.4.1 Analyzes how a position on an issue attempts to balance individual rights and the common good.

EALR 2 The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

  • 2.1 Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.

    • 2.1.1 Analyzes examples of how groups and individuals have considered profit and personal values in making economic choices in the past or present.

  • 2.2 Understands how economic systems function.

  • 2.3 Understands the government's role in the economy.

    • 2.3.1 Understands and analyzes the influence of the U.S. government's taxation, creation of currency, and tariffs in the past or present.

  • 2.4 Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.

    • 2.4.1 Understands and analyzes the distribution of wealth and sustainability of resources in the United States in the past or present.

EALR 3 The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

  • 3.1 Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.

  • 3.2 Understands human interaction with the environment.

    • 3.2.1 Analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in the United States in the past or present.

    • 3.2.2 Understands cultural diffusion in the United States from the past or in the present.

    • 3.2.3 Understands and analyzes migration as a catalyst on the growth of the United States in the past or present.

  • 3.3 Understands the geographic context of global issues.

    • 3.3.1 Understands that learning about the geography of the United States helps us understand the global issue of diversity.

EALR 4 The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes of local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

EALR 5 The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, form, and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

  • 5.1 Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.

    • 5.1.1 Understands reasons based on evidence for a position on an issue or event.

    • 5.1.2 Evaluates the logic of reasons for a position on an issue or event.

  • 5.2 Uses inquiry-based research.

    • 5.2.1 Creates and uses research questions that are tied to an essential question to focus inquiry on an issue.

    • 5.2.2 Evaluates the logic of positions in primary and secondary sources to interpret an issue or event.

  • 5.3 Deliberates public issues.

    • 5.3.1 Applies key ideals outlined in fundamental documents to clarify and address public issues in the context of a discussion.

  • 5.4 Creates a product that uses social studies content to support a thesis and presents the product in an appropriate manner to a meaningful audience.

    • 5.4.1 Uses sources within the body of the work to support positions in a paper or presentation.

    • 5.4.2 Uses appropriate format to cite sources within an essay or presentation.