EALR 1 The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.
1.1 Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.
1.1.1 Understands key ideals and principles outlined in the Declaration of Independence, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the U.S. Constitution, including the rule of law, separation of powers, representative government, and popular sovereignty, and the Bill of Rights, including due process and freedom of expression.
2.2.2 Understands and analyzes how the forces of supply and demand have affected international trade in the United States in the past or present.
2.3 Understands the government's role in the economy.
2.3.1 Understands and analyzes the influence of the U.S. government's taxation, creation of currency, and tariffs in the past or present.
2.4 Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.
2.4.1 Understands and analyzes the distribution of wealth and sustainability of resources in the United States in the past or present.
EALR 3 The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.
3.1 Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.
3.1.2 Understands and analyzes physical and cultural characteristics of places and regions in the United States from the past or in the present.
3.3 Understands the geographic context of global issues.
3.3.1 Understands that learning about the geography of the United States helps us understand the global issue of diversity.
EALR 4 The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes of local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.
4.1 Understands historical chronology.
4.1.2 Understands how the following themes and developments help to define eras in U.S. history from 1776 to 1900:
Fighting for independence and framing the Constitution (1776—1815).