1 Compare historical and current economic, political, and geographic information about Alabama on thematic maps, including weather and climate, physical-relief, waterway, transportation, political, economic development, land-use, and population maps.
Describing types of migrations as they affect the environment, agriculture, economic development, and population changes in Alabama
2 Relate reasons for European exploration and settlement in Alabama to the impact of European explorers on trade, health, and land expansion in Alabama.
Locating on maps European settlements in early Alabama, including Fort Condé, Fort Toulouse, and Fort Mims
Tracing on maps and globes, the routes of early explorers of the New World, including Juan Ponce de León, Hernando de Soto, and Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Explaining reasons for conflicts between Europeans and American Indians in Alabama from 1519 to 1840, including differing beliefs regarding land ownership, religion, and culture
3 Explain the social, political, and economic impact of the War of 1812, including battles and significant leaders of the Creek War, on Alabama.
Explaining the impact of the Trail of Tears on Alabama American Indians' lives, rights, and territories
4 Relate the relationship of the five geographic regions of Alabama to the movement of Alabama settlers during the early nineteenth century.
Identifying natural resources of Alabama during the early nineteenth century
Describing human environments of Alabama as they relate to settlement during the early nineteenth century, including housing, roads, and place names
5 Describe Alabama's entry into statehood and establishment of its three branches of government and the constitutions.
Explaining political and geographic reasons for changes in location of Alabama's state capital
Recognizing roles of prominent political leaders during early statehood in Alabama, including William Wyatt Bibb, Thomas Bibb, Israel Pickens, William Rufus King, and John W. Walker
6 Describe cultural, economic, and political aspects of the lifestyles of early nineteenth-century farmers, plantation owners, slaves, and townspeople.
Describing major areas of agricultural production in Alabama, including the Black Belt and fertile river valleys
7 Explain reasons for Alabama's secession from the Union, including sectionalism, slavery, states' rights, and economic disagreements.
Identifying Alabama's role in the organization of the Confederacy, including hosting the secession convention and the inauguration ceremony for leaders
Recognizing Montgomery as the first capital of the Confederacy
Interpreting the Articles of the Confederation and the Gettysburg Address
Identifying Alabamians who made contributions in the fields of science, education, the arts, politics, and business during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
11 Describe the impact of World War I on Alabamians, including the migration of African Americans from Alabama to the North and West, utilization of Alabama's military installations and training facilities, and increased production of goods for the war effort.
Recognizing Alabama participants in World War I, including Alabama's 167th Regiment of the Rainbow Division
Identifying World War I technologies, including airplanes, machine guns, and chemical warfare
13 Describe the economic and social impact of World War II on Alabamians, including entry of women into the workforce, increase in job opportunities, rationing, utilization of Alabama's military installations, military recruitment, the draft, and a rise in racial consciousness.
Recognizing Alabama participants in World War II, including the Tuskegee Airmen and women in the military
Justifying the strategic placement of military bases in Alabama, including Redstone Arsenal, Fort Rucker, Fort McClellan, and Craig Air Force Base
14 Analyze the modern Civil Rights Movement to determine the social, political, and economic impact on Alabama.
Recognizing important persons of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr.; George C. Wallace; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis; Malcolm X; Thurgood Marshall; Hugo Black; and Ralph David Abernathy
Describing events of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, the Freedom Riders bus bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March
15 Identify major world events that influenced Alabama since 1950, including the Korean Conflict, the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf War, and the War on Terrorism.
16 Determine the impact of population growth on cities, major road systems, demographics, natural resources, and the natural environment of Alabama during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
Describing how technological advancements brought change to Alabamians, including the telephone; refrigerator; automobile; television; and wireless, Internet, and space technologies
Relating Alabama's economy to the influence of foreign-based industry, including the automobile industry