Arizona

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Skills available for Arizona fourth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1 American History

  • 1 Research Skills for History

  • 2 Early Civilizations

    • PO 1 Describe the legacy and cultures of prehistoric people in the Americas:

      • a characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies

      • b development of agriculture

    • PO 2 Describe the cultures and contributions of the Mogollon, Ancestral Puebloans (Anasazi), and Hohokam (e.g., location, agriculture, housing, arts, trade networks; adaptation and alteration of the environment).

    • PO 3 Identify other groups (e.g., Patayan, Sinagua, Salado) residing in the Southwest during this period.

    • PO 4 Identify the early civilizations (e.g., Maya, Aztec, Inca/Inka) that developed into empires in Central and South America.

    • PO 5 Recognize the achievements and features (e.g., mathematics, astronomy, architecture) of the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan/Inkan civilizations.

  • 3 Exploration and Colonization

    • PO 1 Describe the reasons for early Spanish exploration of Mexico and the Southwestern region of the United States by:

      • a Cabeza de Vaca

      • b Estevan

      • c Fray Marcos de Niza

      • d Francisco Vásques de Coronado

    • PO 2 Describe the impact of Spanish colonization on the Southwest:

      • a establishment of missions and presidios

      • b lifestyle changes of native people

      • c contributions of Father Kino

    • PO 3 Describe the location and cultural characteristics of Native American tribes (e.g., O’odham, Apache, Hopi) during the Spanish period.

  • 4 Revolution and New Nation

  • 5 Westward Expansion

    • PO 1 Recognize the change of governance of the Southwest from Spain to Mexico as a result of the Mexican Revolution.

    • PO 2 Describe the influence of American explorers and trappers (e.g., James O. Pattie, Kit Carson, Bill Williams) on the development of the Southwest.

    • PO 3 Describe events that led to Arizona becoming a possession of the United States:

      • a Mexican – American War

      • b Mexican Cession (Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo)

      • c Gadsden Purchase

    • PO 4 Describe the impact of Native Americans, Hispanics, and newcomers from the United States and the world on the culture of Arizona (e.g., art, language, architecture, mining, ranching).

    • PO 5 Describe the conflict of cultures that occurred between newcomers and Arizona Native Americans:

      • a Indian Wars

      • b Navajo Long Walk

      • c formation of reservations

  • 6 Civil War and Reconstruction

    • PO 1 Describe events in Arizona during the Civil War:

      • a Battle of Picacho Peak

      • b Battle of Apache Pass

      • c Arizona becomes a territory

  • 7 Emergence of the Modern United States

    • PO 1 Describe the economic development of Arizona:

      • a mining

      • b ranching

      • c farming and dams

    • PO 2 Describe the advent of innovations in transportation (e.g., steamboats, freighting, stagecoaches, railroads) that helped Arizona’s growth and economy.

    • PO 3 Identify key individuals and groups (e.g., Charles Poston, Sharlot Hall, Buffalo Soldiers, Geronimo, George W.P. Hunt, Manuelito, Cochise) related to Arizona territorial days and early statehood.

    • PO 4 Recognize that Arizona changed from a territory to a state on February 14, 1912.

    • PO 5 Recognize the formation of Native American communities and reservations in Arizona (e.g., Gila River Reservation, Yaquis, Colorado River Indian Tribes).

  • 8 Great Depression and World War II

  • 9 Postwar United States

    • PO 1 Describe changes (e.g., population growth, economic growth, cultural diversity, civil rights) that took place in Arizona during the postwar era.

  • 10 Contemporary United States

    • PO 1 Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • PO 2 Discuss the connections between current and historical events and issues from content studied in Strand 1 using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

    • PO 3 Describe the influence of key individuals (e.g., Sandra Day O’Connor, Carl Hayden, Ernest W. McFarland, Barry Goldwater, César Chavez, John McCain) in Arizona.

    • PO 4 Discuss the contributions of diverse populations to Arizona.

2 World History

  • 1 Research Skills for History

    • PO 1 Use the following to interpret historical data:

    • PO 2 Describe the difference between primary and secondary sources.

    • PO 3 Locate information using both primary and secondary sources.

    • PO 4 Describe how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

  • 2 Early Civilizations

  • 3 World in Transition

    • PO 1 Discuss life in Europe as it existed at the time of the Aztec and Incan/Inkan empires in the Americas:

      • a life in castles

      • b knights traveling to new places during the Crusades

      • c desire for new routes to the Indies

  • 4 Renaissance and Reformation

  • 5 Encounters and Exchange

    • PO 1 Describe the reasons (e.g., trade routes, gold) for Spanish and Portuguese explorations of the Americas.

    • PO 2 Describe the impact of European explorers’ encounters with the Aztec and Inca/Inka.

  • 6 Age of Revolution

  • 7 Age of Imperialism

  • 8 World at War

  • 9 Contemporary World

    • PO 1 Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

3 Civics/Government

  • 1 Foundations of Government

    • PO 1 Describe state and national symbols and monuments that represent American democracy and values:

      • a Great Seal of the United States

      • b Arizona symbols (e.g., seal, flag)

      • c war memorials (e.g., Pearl Harbor- Arizona Memorial, WW II, Korean, and Vietnam Memorials)

    • PO 2 Identify the rights and freedoms supported by the following documents:

      • a Preamble of the U.S. Constitution

      • b Bill of Rights

      • c Statement of Natural Rights as found in the Declaration of Independence (We hold these truths to be self evident....)

    • PO 3 Describe Arizona’s transition from territory to statehood:

      • a locations of capital

      • b founding people

      • c Arizona’s constitution

    • PO 4 Describe the varied backgrounds of people living in Arizona:

      • a shared principles, goals, customs and traditions

      • b diversity in one’s school and community

      • c benefits and challenges of a diverse population.

  • 2 Structure of Government

  • 3 Functions of Government

    • PO 1 Describe the responsibilities of state government (e.g., making laws, enforcing laws, collecting taxes).

    • PO 2 Describe the responsibilities (e.g., determining land use, enforcing laws, overlapping responsibilities with state government) of the local government.

    • PO 3 Describe the possible consequences of violating laws.

  • 4 Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles of Citizenship

    • PO 1 Discuss ways an individual can contribute to a school or community.

    • PO 2 Identify traits of character (e.g., responsibility, respect, perseverance, loyalty, integrity, involvement, justice and tolerance) that are important to the preservation and improvement of democracy.

    • PO 3 Describe the importance of citizens being actively involved in the democratic process (e.g., voting, campaigning, civil and community service, volunteering, jury duty).

  • 5 Government Systems of the World

4 Geography

5 Economics

  • 1 Foundations of Economics

    • PO 1 Explain the decision for a personal spending choice.

    • PO 2 Identify that specialization improves standards of living (e.g., medical care, home building, agriculture).

    • PO 3 Give examples of how voluntary exchanges of goods and services can be mutually beneficial (e.g., ice cream vendor receives money, child receives ice cream; doctor receives monetary benefit, patient receives care).

  • 2 Microeconomics

    • PO 1 Explain how price incentives affect peoples’ behavior and choices, such as colonial decisions about what crops to grow and which products to produce.

    • PO 2 Describe why (e.g., schools, fire, police, libraries) state and local governments collect taxes.

    • PO 3 Describe how education, skills, and career choices affect income.

    • PO 4 Discuss how profit is an incentive to entrepreneurs.

    • PO 5 Describe risks that are taken by entrepreneurs.

    • PO 6 Identify the role of financial institutions in providing services (e.g., savings accounts, loans).

  • 3 Macroeconomics

  • 4 Global Economics

  • 5 Personal Finance

    • PO 1 Describe how interest is an incentive to saving money.