Chronological reasoning requires understanding processes of change and continuity over time, which means assessing similarities and differences between historical periods and between the past and present.
4.SP1.1 Create and use a chronological sequence of related events to compare developments that happened at the same time.
4.SP1.2 Compare life in specific historical time periods to life today.
4.SP1.3 Generate questions about individuals and groups who have shaped significant historical events.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives about a given event to draw conclusions about that event since there are multiple points of view about events and issues.
4.SP2.1 Explain why individuals and groups during the same historical period differed in their perspectives on issues and events.
4.SP2.2 Explain connections among historical contexts and people's perspectives at the time.
Historians and Social Scientist gather, interpret, and use evidence to develop claims and answer historical, economic, geographical, and political questions and communicate their conclusions.
4.SP3.1 Develop questions about events and developments in the Americas.
4.SP3.2 Compare information provided by various sources about events and developments in the Americas.
Global interconnections and spatial patterns are a necessary part of geographic reasoning.
4.G4.1 Explain the positive and negative effects of increasing economic interdependence on distinct groups, countries, and new settlements.
The development of civilizations, societies, cultures, and innovations have influenced history and continue to impact the modern world.
4.H1.1 Utilizing a variety of multi-genre primary and secondary sources, construct historical narratives about cultures, civilizations, and innovations in the Americas.
Cycles of conflict and cooperation have shaped relations among people, places, and environments.
4.H2.1 Describe the cycles of conflict and compromise that occurred in the Americas during the convergence of Europeans, American Indians, and Africans in the Americas before and after European exploration.