Chronological reasoning requires understanding processes of change and continuity over time, which means assessing similarities and differences between historical periods and between the past and present.
3.SP1.1 Create and use a chronological sequence of related events to compare developments that happened at the same time.
3.SP1.2 Compare life in specific historical time periods to life today.
3.SP1.3 Generate questions about individuals and groups who have impacted history.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives about a given event to draw conclusions about that event since there are multiple points of view about events and issues.
3.SP2.1 Explain why individuals and groups have different points of view on the same event.
Historians and Social Scientist gather, interpret, and use evidence to develop claims and answer historical, economic, geographical, and political questions and communicate their conclusions.
3.SP3.1 Develop questions about Arizona history, geography, government, and economics.
3.SP3.2 Distinguish between primary and secondary sources.
3.SP3.3 Identify and use evidence that draws information from multiple sources to answer compelling questions about Arizona.
3.SP3.4 Compare information provided by various sources about Arizona.
3.SP3.5 Generate questions about multiple historical sources.
3.SP3.6 Construct arguments and explanations using reasoning, examples, and details from sources.
3.SP3.7 Present summaries of arguments and explanations using print, oral, and digital technologies.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to analyze relationships among causes and effects and to create and support arguments using relevant evidence.
3.SP4.1 Explain probable causes and effects of events.
Civic virtues and democratic principles are key components of the American political system.
3.C1.1 Describe civic virtues and democratic principles within a variety of government structures, societies, and/or communities within Arizona.
3.C1.2 Use listening, consensus-building, and voting procedures to decide on and act in their classrooms.
An understanding of civic and political institutions in society and the principles these institutions are intended to reflect including knowledge about law, politics, and government are essential to effective citizenship.
3.C3.1 Describe the origins, functions, and structure of the Arizona Constitution, local governments, and tribal governments.