Chronological reasoning requires understanding processes of change and continuity over time, which means assessing similarities and differences between historical periods and between the past and present.
5.SP1.1 Create and use a chronological sequence of related events to compare developments that happened at the same time.
5.SP1.2 Explain how events of the past affect students' lives and society.
5.SP1.3 Generate questions about individuals and groups who have shaped significant historical changes and continuities.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives about a given event to draw conclusion about that event since there are multiple points of view about events and issues.
5.SP2.1 Explain why individuals and groups during the same historical period differed in their perspectives.
5.SP3.3 Compare information provided by multiple sources about events and developments in the United States.
5.SP3.4 Infer the intended audience and purpose of a source from information within the source itself.
5.SP3.5 Use information about a historical source including the author, date, place of origin, intended audience, and purpose to judge the extent to which the source is useful for studying a topic and evaluate the credibility of the source.
5.SP3.6 Construct and present arguments using claims and evidence from multiple sources.
5.SP3.7 Construct and present explanations using reasoning, correct sequence, examples and details with relevant information and data.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to analyze relationships among causes and effects and to create and support arguments using relevant evidence.
5.SP4.1 Explain probable causes and effects of events and developments in United States history from the revolutionary period to the rise of industry and urbanization.
An understanding of civic and political institutions in society and the principles these institutions are intended to reflect including knowledge about law, politics, and government are essential to effective citizenship.
5.C3.1 Describe the origins, functions, and structure of the United States Constitution and the three branches of government.
5.C4.2 Use a range of deliberative and democratic procedures to make decisions about and act on issues and civic problems in their classrooms and schools.
A financially literate individual understands how to manage income, spending, and investment.
5.E1.1 Give examples of financial risks that individuals and households face within the context of the time period studied.
By applying economic reasoning, individuals seek to understand the decisions of people, groups, and societies.
5.E2.1 Compare the benefits and costs of individual choices within the context of key historical events.
Individuals and institutions are interdependent within market systems.
5.E3.1 Develop an understanding of the characteristics of entrepreneurship within a market economy and apply these characteristics to individuals during the time-period studied.
The domestic economy is shaped by interactions between government, institutions, and the private sector.
5.E4.1 Describe how government decisions on taxation, spending, protections, and regulation affected the national economy during the time-period being studied.
5.E4.2 Analyze how agriculture, new industries, innovative technologies, changes in transportation, and labor impacted the national economy including productivity, supply and demand, and price during the time-period being studied.
Patterns of social and political interactions have shaped people, places, and events throughout history and continue to shape the modern world.
5.H4.1 Use primary and secondary sources to describe how diverse groups (racial, ethnic, class, gender, regional, immigrant/migrant) shaped the United States' multicultural society within the historical timeframe.