Chronological reasoning requires understanding processes of change and continuity over time, which means assessing similarities and differences between historical periods and between the past and present.
8.SP1.1 Analyze connections among events and developments in broader historical contexts.
8.SP1.2 Classify a series of historical events and developments as examples of change and/or continuity.
8.SP1.3 Evaluate the significance of past events and their effect on students' lives and society.
8.SP1.4 Use questions generated about individuals and groups to analyze why they, and the developments they shaped, are historically significant.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives about a given event to draw conclusions about that event since there are multiple points of view about events and issues.
8.SP2.1 Analyze multiple factors that influence the perspectives of people during different historical eras.
8.SP2.2 Explain how and why perspectives of people have changed over time.
8.SP2.3 Analyze how people's perspectives influenced what information is available in the historical sources they created.
Historians and Social Scientist gather, interpret, and use evidence to develop claims and answer historical, economic, geographical, and political questions and communicate their conclusions.
8.SP3.1 Create and answer compelling and supporting questions that reflect enduring issues in the field of history and social science.
8.SP3.2 Detect possible limitations in the historical record based on evidence collected from various kinds of historical sources.
8.SP3.3 Use questions generated about multiple historical sources to identify further areas of inquiry and additional sources.
8.SP3.4 Evaluate the relevance and utility of historical sources based on information such as author, date, origin, intended audience, and purpose.
8.SP3.5 Gather relevant information from multiple sources while using the origin, authority, structure, context, and corroborative value of the source to guide the selection to support claims and counterclaims.
8.SP4.6 Construct and present arguments based on claims and counterclaims while pointing out the strengths and limitations of the arguments.
8.SP4.7 Construct and present explanations using reasoning, correct sequence, examples, details with relevant information and data, while acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of the explanations.
8.SP4.8 Present arguments and explanations on topics of interest to others to reach multiple audiences in and outside of the classroom print, oral, and digital technologies.
Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to analyze relationships among causes and effects and to create and support arguments using relevant evidence.
8.SP4.1 Explain the multiple causes and effects of events and developments in the past.
8.SP4.2 Evaluate the influence of various causes of events and developments in the past.
8.SP4.3 Organize applicable evidence into a coherent argument about the multiple causes and effects of events and issues.
8.SP4.4 Compare the credibility, and authenticity of central arguments in secondary works of history on related topics in multiple media.
Civic virtues and democratic principles are key components of the American political system.
8.C1.1 Analyze ideas and principles contained in the founding documents of the United States, including the Declaration of Independence and Constitution, and explain how they influence society and political systems.
8.C2.3 Analyze concepts and ideals such as majority and minority rights, civil dissent, and the rule of law.
8.C2.4 Explain how immigrants become naturalized citizens.
An understanding of civic and political institutions in society and the principles these institutions are intended to reflect including knowledge about law, politics, and government is essential to effective citizenship.
8.C3.1 Describe the impact of political and civic institutions such as political parties, interest groups, elections, and the media in shaping policy.
8.C3.2 Examine the origins and purpose of constitutions, laws, treaties, and international agreements.
8.C4.2 Assess specific rules and laws (both actual and proposed) as means of addressing public problems.
8.C4.3 Analyze the purpose, process, implementation, and consequences of decision making and public policies in multiple settings and at different levels including the national, state, local (county, city, school board), and tribal.
8.C4.4 Identify, research, analyze, discuss, and defend a position on a national, state, or local public policy issue including an action plan to address or inform others about the issue.
8.C4.5 Analyze how a specific problem can manifest itself at the local, regional, and global levels, identifying its characteristics and causes, and the challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address the problem. Apply a range of deliberative and democratic procedures to take action and solve the problem.
A financially literate individual understands how to manage income, spending, and investment.
8.E1.1 Analyze the relationship between education, income, and job opportunities.
8.E1.2 Analyze the relationship between interest rates, saving, and use of credit.