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Skills available for Arizona eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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8.SP Disciplinary Skills and Processes

  • Chronological reasoning requires understanding processes of change and continuity over time, which means assessing similarities and differences between historical periods and between the past and present.

  • Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives about a given event to draw conclusions about that event since there are multiple points of view about events and issues.

    • 8.SP2.1 Analyze multiple factors that influence the perspectives of people during different historical eras.

    • 8.SP2.2 Explain how and why perspectives of people have changed over time.

    • 8.SP2.3 Analyze how people's perspectives influenced what information is available in the historical sources they created.

  • Historians and Social Scientist gather, interpret, and use evidence to develop claims and answer historical, economic, geographical, and political questions and communicate their conclusions.

    • 8.SP3.1 Create and answer compelling and supporting questions that reflect enduring issues in the field of history and social science.

    • 8.SP3.2 Detect possible limitations in the historical record based on evidence collected from various kinds of historical sources.

    • 8.SP3.3 Use questions generated about multiple historical sources to identify further areas of inquiry and additional sources.

    • 8.SP3.4 Evaluate the relevance and utility of historical sources based on information such as author, date, origin, intended audience, and purpose.

    • 8.SP3.5 Gather relevant information from multiple sources while using the origin, authority, structure, context, and corroborative value of the source to guide the selection to support claims and counterclaims.

    • 8.SP4.6 Construct and present arguments based on claims and counterclaims while pointing out the strengths and limitations of the arguments.

    • 8.SP4.7 Construct and present explanations using reasoning, correct sequence, examples, details with relevant information and data, while acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of the explanations.

    • 8.SP4.8 Present arguments and explanations on topics of interest to others to reach multiple audiences in and outside of the classroom print, oral, and digital technologies.

  • Thinking within the discipline involves the ability to analyze relationships among causes and effects and to create and support arguments using relevant evidence.

    • 8.SP4.1 Explain the multiple causes and effects of events and developments in the past.

    • 8.SP4.2 Evaluate the influence of various causes of events and developments in the past.

    • 8.SP4.3 Organize applicable evidence into a coherent argument about the multiple causes and effects of events and issues.

    • 8.SP4.4 Compare the credibility, and authenticity of central arguments in secondary works of history on related topics in multiple media.

8.C Civics

  • Civic virtues and democratic principles are key components of the American political system.

    • 8.C1.1 Analyze ideas and principles contained in the founding documents of the United States, including the Declaration of Independence and Constitution, and explain how they influence society and political systems.

    • 8.C1.2 Demonstrate civic virtues that contribute to the common good and democratic principles within a variety of deliberative processes and settings.

    • 8.C1.3 Analyze the influence of personal interests and perspectives when people address issues and problems in government and civil society.

    • 8.C1.4 Engage in projects to help or inform others such as community service and service-learning projects.

  • Citizens have individual rights, roles, and responsibilities.

    • 8.C2.1 Analyze the powers of citizens in a variety of governmental and non-governmental contexts.

    • 8.C2.2 Explain specific roles, rights and responsibilities of people in a society.

    • 8.C2.3 Analyze concepts and ideals such as majority and minority rights, civil dissent, and the rule of law.

    • 8.C2.4 Explain how immigrants become naturalized citizens.

  • An understanding of civic and political institutions in society and the principles these institutions are intended to reflect including knowledge about law, politics, and government is essential to effective citizenship.

    • 8.C3.1 Describe the impact of political and civic institutions such as political parties, interest groups, elections, and the media in shaping policy.

    • 8.C3.2 Examine the origins and purpose of constitutions, laws, treaties, and international agreements.

    • 8.C3.3 Compare the structures, powers, and limits of government at distinct levels in the United States.

  • Process, rules, and laws direct how individuals are governed and how society addresses problems.

8.E Economics

8.G Geography

8.H History