1. History develops moral understanding, defines identity and creates an appreciation of how things change while building skills in judgment and decision-making. History enhances the ability to read varied sources and develop the skills to analyze, interpret and communicate.
1 Analyze and interpret historical sources to ask and research historical questions
b Interpret documents and data from multiple primary and secondary sources while formulating historical questions. Sources to include but not limited to art, artifacts, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, real or simulated historical sites, charts, graphs, diagrams and written texts
b Determine and explain the historical context of key people, events, and ideas over time including the examination of different perspectives from people involved. Topics to include but not limited to Aztec, Maya, Inca, Inuit, early Native American cultures of North America, major explorers, colonizers of countries in the Western Hemisphere, and the Columbian Exchange
2. Geography provides students with an understanding of spatial perspectives and technologies for spatial analysis, awareness of interdependence of world regions and resources and how places are connected at local, national and global scales.
1 Use geographic tools to solve problems
a Use longitude, latitude, and scale on maps and globes to solve problems
b Collect and analyze data to interpret regions in the Western Hemisphere
c Ask multiple types of questions after examining geographic sources
d Interpret and communicate geographic data to justify potential solutions to problems
e Distinguish different types of maps and use them in analyzing an issue
2 Human and physical systems vary and interact
a Classify and analyze the types of connections between places
b Identify physical features and explain their effects on people in the Western Hemisphere
c Give examples of how people have adapted to their physical environment
d Analyze positive and negative interactions of human and physical systems in the Western Hemisphere
3. Economics teaches how society manages its scarce resources, how people make decisions, how people interact in the domestic and international markets, and how forces and trends affect the economy as a whole. Personal financial literacy applies the economic way of thinking to help individuals understand how to manage their own scarce resources using a logical decision-making process of prioritization based on analysis of the costs and benefits of every choice.
1 Identify and analyze different economic systems
a Describe the characteristic of traditional, command, market, and mixed economic systems
b Explore how different economic systems affect job and career options and the population's standards of living
c Use economic reasoning to explain why certain careers are more common in one region than in another and how specialization results in more interdependence
2 Saving and investing are key contributors to financial well-being
a Differentiate between saving and investing
b Give examples of how saving and investing can improve financial well-being
c Describe the advantages and disadvantages of saving for short- and medium-term goals
d Explain the importance of an emergency fund
e Explain why saving is a prerequisite to investing
f Explain how saving and investing income can improve financial well-being
4. Civics teaches the complexity of the origins, structure, and functions of governments; the rights, roles and responsibilities of ethical citizenship; the importance of law; and the skills necessary to participate in all levels of government.
1 Analyze the interconnectedness of the United States and other nations
a Discuss advantages and disadvantages of living in an interconnected world
b Examine changes and connections in ideas about citizenship in different times and places
c Describe how groups and individuals influence the government and other nations